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Paul

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  1. MY BOOK! I didn't think a topic about time-travel paradoxes I started would provoke so many replies! I wrote a book about my interest in time which is titled "Hope to time-travel". For those interested I'm willing to e-mail softcopies for free. Just email:[email protected] (requesting a copy). I advertised my book in the Time Travel Institute Discussion Forum along with other places. I'd be grateful if you could send feedback, but you don't have to.
  2. The Problems with Meeting Myself... I don't particularly want to have a sex change in the future but what if I did? If or when I meet my older self we could have sex and have a child! Why would that child have to be me Lara? Maybe that child would become very interested in time-travel exactly like me. After growing up to become me he might even manage to travel back in time... If this was the case I would remember having strange parents(probably claiming to be me at a different age. This would imply that I am "really" the only member in my family! My true family tree would me as my own son (and later or sooner) father and mother. I doubt this because I'm not trying to be my own parents. My older self might try to kill me to experiment with time paradoxes. If he succeeded he wouldn't live long enough to succeed! If my older self gives me a copy of his autobiography would this cause a paradox? I probably would read it to learn about what going to happen to me. When will I first have sex and with who? Who will I marry? Are my attempts of having a book published worth it? Will I ever be a famous writer? My certain future cannot be written unless it has already been predetermined. If I can't stop these events from happening to me (including what I will do) then I have no freewill! Since I alreadt have this book I didn't write it. I just copied every word out of the book I was given by my older self. Is that possible? How can a book exist if noone actually wrote it? I don't know the answer but I don't see why physical laws would prevent time-travel from creating matter... CONCLUSION I don't think that when my older self travels back in time he'ill be changing history or entering another universe. I just plan to move in time remaining within the same four dimentional universe. So when I plan to do things in the future I expect them to have effects on the past and present. This is how I hope to meet myself! I simply couldn't prevent myself from being born so there is no paradox. ------------------ Paul Curran
  3. MEETING MYSELF! I honestly believe that one day in the future I will travel back in time. You can call me crazy! Within the next few years I hope that wormholes will allow me to move back to 31/10/1983 00:00. Try to understand me, I seriously hope to time-travel! This topic really gets me excited and it's what I want to do with my life. So if I ever manage to travel back in time I probably would be able to visit my younger self, which is me. Despite the suggestions that seeing or touching your other self would be destructive I find no reason to believe that. If I just remember a place and time to meet myself until I became my older self we could meet. Cool! Following are times & places where I tried to meet my older self. I'm not even sure if he was there or not. Meeting Myself Attempt 31/10/1983 Results At the exact time requested(according to my watch) I seen a man passing me with a dog nearby. We were the only ones in that quiet area. Could that man have been the time travelled version of me without the freewill to come over to or talk to me? I don't know but I will find out! I didn't see him in much detail. I think and hope it was me. Meeting Myself Attempt 25/12/2000 Results It was very dark and scary. From about 10 to 8pm until 8pm I stood near area. Conclusion I couldn't find my older self! Possible reasons why my older self was not at the area planned: *Lack of freewill(because he's a time traveller) *The older version's knowledge of remembering when he was me I didn't meet him that time. *Painful fear(shock of meeting) *Snow and ice make it impossible to walk to location. *He's already dead! *He left this time. *It's very difficult for us to meet because if we do, the older me would probably reveal my future which could cause paradoxes. It's necessary for me to work things out on my own. Plan:Just stare at my older self. Don't ask about those things I really want to know. Meeting Myself Attempt 2/1/2001 4am in my bedroom Results I was asleep and found nothing suggesting an older me was here. Conclusion Without a long talk with my older self I can't help feeling less sure. But I certainly still hope to time-travel... Paul Curran Co Derry, Ireland ------------------ Paul Curran
  4. Hope to time-travel... My Honest Wish... Written by Paul Martin Thomas Curran Copyright © Paul Curran 2000 The right of Paul Curran to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 First produced in Ireland by Curran's Press 2000 All rights reserved "I had days of hell and moments of fun" "This book tells my story about how I struggled to travel back in time and cope with the pain of being bullied" To all those who have wished to travel in time and want to understand what time is ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thanks to all my friends who have helped me over the years. I had rough times and needed all the help I was given This book is dedicated to attempts of travelling in time Contents Note Acknowledgements Forward Preface 1:Birth 2:Summer holidays 3:Christmas 4:11+ 5:St Mary's 6:Bullied 7:Camp 8:My interest in time-travel 9:NWIFHE 10:Plans to time-travel 11:My film 12:My Crime Traveller 13:Time Science Conclusion Hope to time-travel... Note: Like a broken time machine my work needs more attention. If you want to know why time-travel has been on my mind since 1993 read on. I have plans to make a trip back in time to 31/October/1983. I believe wormholes will allow me to travel back to that day I was born. Time is cool! HAVING looked at Kip Thorne's research on wormholes I'm very excited about the possibility of time-travel. I'm not going to lie by saying that I have built a time machine already. But I am serious about trying to do it. Paul What happened to events that have already happened? Are those days passed lost in the past? If the past no longer exists then no one could go back there? But what would destroy history? In this exciting book, physicist and writer Paul Curran decides that he might later be able to travel in time. This book reveals why Paul really want to travel in time. It's isn't to change the past. Curran's Press Written by Paul Martin Curran Contents Acknowledgements I thank the people that have been of great help to me over the years. Forward Time( which is what most of the book is about) is introduced. The possibility of time-travel, time dilation and other issues are explained. Preface I generally describe what my life has been like so far. Briefly the high and low points are mentioned. Chapter 1:Birth I reveal when I came INTO this world and some of the things I remember about my childhood. I discuss my primary school. Chapter 2:Summer holiday's I recall the summer holidays I loved as a child. I convey my excitement about the free swimming pool, cinema, amusements and much more! I note the weather I had some summers. Chapter 3:Christmases I remember the great Christmases I enjoyed throughout childhood. FROM playing with Lego to videos and computer files. I describe the feelings I had on Christmas mornings. I look back on Christmas dinners. Chapter 4:11+ I EXPLAIN how difficult preparing for the 11+ was for me. I describe the unpleasant tests and long homeworks. I hated and couldn't do a lot of the work. Chapter 5:St Mary's I recall the five years I spent in St Mary's. I found the work very hard to learn and remember especially science. There was a huge amount I had to learn. I express how I hated being in a low class. Chapter 6:Bullied I recall painful memories of being laughed at. Many other kids treated me differently. I reveal why I couldn't have many friends or stop the bullies ruining my childhood. Chapter 7:Camp I remember how I used to hate summer camp but now I love it. I express the fun and pain I had there. I describe the thrilling discos and why I loved them! Chapter 8:My interest in time-travel I express that I have become crazy about time and seriously hope to time-travel! I EXPLAIN that I have long been interested in the theme since early childhood. Chapter 9:NWIFHE I describe my further education choices and what I think about the NWIFHE. Chapter 10:Plans to time-travel I reveal the time I really wish I could travel to telling the reasons. I describe the methods I plan to use to move my awareness freely in time and another plan for my physical body to time-travel! I SHOW the results of sporting and lottery events which would be useful to me if I managed to travel back in time about two decades. Chapter 11:My film I SHOW the unproduced fiction movie script I wrote about a teenager who commits suicide because of bullying. After six years of work on temporal physics his best friend uses a wormhole to travel back and meet his friend again. My story is very emotional and conveys a lot of pain! Chapter 12:My Crime Traveller I SHOW a script continuing the science fiction BBC series Crime Traveller. I set some of the scenes before the time machine was built. Another character becomes a time traveller. Due to Holly's amendments to the machine it becomes capable of sending a person back ten years in time. Chapter 13:Time Science I EXPLAIN a lot of science terms which can be difficult to understand such as what a tachyon is. Conclusion I wait for my lifetime dreams. Foreword Time…(a very strange thing) Of course we all move forward in time every second of our lives. Newton thought time was absolute i.e. that it passed at the same rate regardless of anything. This simple common sense idea was believed for centuries… Until in 1905 Albert Einstein came to the conclusion that time must be relative. If you would like to read my whole book "Hope to time-travel" simply e-mail me [email protected] with your e-mail address and I will send you a free copy within weeks. Remember I need your e-mail address to send you a copy of my book. I have it notepad with hyperlinks to each chapter. I also have it in the a Microsoft Word document, about three hundred pages long. I could easily send anyone these for free. However if you want a hardcopy of it the book is split INTO two books. IF I'm able to produce them they would cost eight english pounds each, I'd also need you postal address. ------------------ Paul Curran
  5. Hope to time-travel... My Honest Wish... Written by Paul Martin Thomas Curran Copyright © Paul Curran 2000 The right of Paul Curran to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 First produced in Ireland by Curran's Press 2000 All rights reserved "I had days of hell and moments of fun" "This book tells my story about how I struggled to travel back in time and cope with the pain of being bullied" To all those who have wished to travel in time and want to understand what time is ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thanks to all my friends who have helped me over the years. I had rough times and needed all the help I was given This book is dedicated to attempts of travelling in time Contents Note Acknowledgements Forward Preface 1:Birth 2:Summer holidays 3:Christmas 4:11+ 5:St Mary's 6:Bullied 7:Camp 8:My interest in time-travel 9:NWIFHE 10:Plans to time-travel 11:My film 12:My Crime Traveller 13:Time Science Conclusion Hope to time-travel... Note: Like a broken time machine my work needs more attention. If you want to know why time-travel has been on my mind since 1993 read on. I have plans to make a trip back in time to 31/October/1983. I believe wormholes will allow me to travel back to that day I was born. Time is cool! Having looked at Kip Thorne's research on wormholes I'm very excited about the possibility of time-travel. I'm not going to lie by saying that I have built a time machine already. But I am serious about trying to do it. Paul What happened to events that have already happened? Are those days passed lost in the past? If the past no longer exists then no one could go back there? But what would destroy history? In this exciting book, physicist and writer Paul Curran decides that he might later be able to travel in time. This book reveals why Paul really want to travel in time. It's isn't to change the past. Curran's Press Written by Paul Martin Curran Contents Acknowledgements I thank the people that have been of great help to me over the years. Forward Time( which is what most of the book is about) is introduced. The possibility of time-travel, time dilation and other issues are explained. Preface I generally describe what my life has been like so far. Briefly the high and low points are mentioned. Chapter 1:Birth I reveal when I came into this world and some of the things I remember about my childhood. I discuss my primary school. Chapter 2:Summer holiday's I recall the summer holidays I loved as a child. I convey my excitement about the free swimming pool, cinema, amusements and much more! I note the weather I had some summers. Chapter 3:Christmases I remember the great Christmases I enjoyed throughout childhood. From playing with Lego to videos and computer files. I describe the feelings I had on Christmas mornings. I look back on Christmas dinners. Chapter 4:11+ I explain how difficult preparing for the 11+ was for me. I describe the unpleasant tests and long homeworks. I hated and couldn't do a lot of the work. Chapter 5:St Mary's I recall the five years I spent in St Mary's. I found the work very hard to learn and remember especially science. There was a huge amount I had to learn. I express how I hated being in a low class. Chapter 6:Bullied I recall painful memories of being laughed at. Many other kids treated me differently. I reveal why I couldn't have many friends or stop the bullies ruining my childhood. Chapter 7:Camp I remember how I used to hate summer camp but now I love it. I express the fun and pain I had there. I describe the thrilling discos and why I loved them! Chapter 8:My interest in time-travel I express that I have become crazy about time and seriously hope to time-travel! I explain that I have long been interested in the theme since early childhood. Chapter 9:NWIFHE I describe my further education choices and what I think about the NWIFHE. Chapter 10:Plans to time-travel I reveal the time I really wish I could travel to telling the reasons. I describe the methods I plan to use to move my awareness freely in time and another plan for my physical body to time-travel! I show the results of sporting and lottery events which would be useful to me if I managed to travel back in time about two decades. Chapter 11:My film I show the unproduced fiction movie script I wrote about a teenager who commits suicide because of bullying. After six years of work on temporal physics his best friend uses a wormhole to travel back and meet his friend again. My story is very emotional and conveys a lot of pain! Chapter 12:My Crime Traveller I show a script continuing the science fiction BBC series Crime Traveller. I set some of the scenes before the time machine was built. Another character becomes a time traveller. Due to Holly's amendments to the machine it becomes capable of sending a person back ten years in time. Chapter 13:Time Science I explain a lot of science terms which can be difficult to understand such as what a tachyon is. Conclusion I wait for my lifetime dreams. Foreword Time…(a very strange thing) Of course we all move forward in time every second of our lives. Newton thought time was absolute i.e. that it passed at the same rate regardless of anything. This simple common sense idea was believed for centuries… Until in 1905 Albert Einstein came to the conclusion that time must be relative. If you would like to read my whole book "Hope to time-travel" simply e-mail me [email protected] with your e-mail address and I will send you a free copy within weeks. Remember I need your e-mail address to send you a copy of my book. I have it notepad with hyperlinks to each chapter. I also have it in the a Microsoft Word document, about three hundred pages long. I could easily send anyone these for free. However if you want a hardcopy of it the book is split into two books. IF I'm able to produce them they would cost eight english pounds each, I'd also need you postal address. [email protected] ------------------ Paul Curran
  6. Exciting time-travel movies... 1983 Timerider 1984 The Terminator The Cold Room The Philadelphia Experiment Iceman Tracers 1985 Back to the future Flight of the Navigator My Science Project Cave Girl 1986 Star Trek IV Peggy Sue Got Married Biggles 1987 Timestalkers Lilovyjshar 1988 Scrooged Norman's Awesome Experience The Navigator:A Mediaeval Odyssey 1989 Back to the future Part 2 Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure Millennium Slipstream 1990 Back to the future Part 3 Time Barbarians 1991 Terminator 2:Judgement Day Bill and Ted's Bogus Journey 1992 Time Runner The Grand Tour Freejack Forever Young From Time To Time 1993 Groundhog Day The Philadelphia Experiment Demolition Man 12:01 Army of Darkness Test Tube Teens From the Year 2000 Marching Out Of Time Les Visiteurs 1994 Timecop APEX Time Chasers 1995 Twelve Monkeys The Langoliers Time Master El Nino Invisible 1996 Star Trek:First Contact Yesterday's Target 1997 Contact Past Perfect 1998 Lost In Space 1999 Austin Powers 2 2000 Frequency The Kid All Over Again The Visitors 2001 Forever 2002 Minority Report By Paul Martain Thomas Curran
  7. Different Forms of Time-travel... There are several ways a person can be imagined to move backwards and forwards in time. -Physical time-travel (very common in fiction) As in : *The Terminator Movies *Back to the future series *Twelve Monkeys *TimeCop *Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure *Freejack -Physical time-travel (reported as true) As: *Victor Goddard in a flight to the future during 1934 *Squirrel's trip to another time in a walk *Temporal Transmission Research Project in which a scientist is sent to 1918 *Caduccus coil's region in "Project Magnet". -Astral time-travel (fiction) (since inhabiting your own body when you were younger requires your astral body i.e.spirit or awareness to move back in time) Peggy Sue Got Married (since Phil's astral body moved back in time over the same day many time explaining deja vu i.e.he was burned and killed but awoke in a uninjured body so his physical body certainly didn't move in time) Groundhog Day -Astral time-travel (reported as true) Ed Morrell in Out of the Body Experience when he seen his future wife. Mrs Turrell-Clarke when she found herself in body of 13th century nun briefly. The use of The ASTRAL TIME MACHINE, i.e. Hyper-Dimentional Resonator If I move in time consciously I would be moving my astral body +physical body or just my astral body... Assuming the astral and physical body are the only bodies we have there would be no other even theoretical type of time-travel. Do you really want to TALK TO YOURSELF? If I ever make a journey in time I hope I meet myself. Imagine seeing another version of yourself. It would be private as the only person that would know is myself. Since we're the same person he'd know every detail about me. If I ever speak to my future self there are so many questions I'd like to ask. These are: *Do my friends now in this present still be my friends in the future? *Can you change the past i.e. go up another path in time? If you can't are you trapped in this timeline? *Have I any freewill and is there any possibility I could avoid becoming you? *In the years to come what fun and friends will I have? *Will I suffer any pain and should I try to avoid it? *What is it like to travel through time? *Will I get married and what would it be like? *What is the next word I will say after this question? *Will I be happy with the way events in my life occured and how will I feel? *What will next Saturday's lottery numbers be? What I'd like to tell my older self (or would he already know?). *The job I want to have in the future. *The things I enjoy doing. *The things that hurt me. *My main goal in life. *My feelings of joy and pain. *Explain that I want to have freewill and excitemment. By Paul Martain Thomas Curran
  8. I would love to believe crasy stories about time-travel experiments being conducted. Is time-travel even possible? The laws of quauntum gravity which are barely understood may reveal weather we could hold a wormhole open and convert it into a time machine... I KNOW TIME-TRAVEL TO THE FUTURE IS POSSIBLE AND PROVEN IN 1971. All that is needed is to travel at a fast speed or sit in a strong gravitational field(like that one near a large planet such as Jupiter)! It all sounds so mad but we have to think carefully when deciding to believe time-travel to the past is allowed by physical science or not. Would nature destroy any time machine before it has a chance to function? I don't think so. I guess we should wait to see what scientists get up to although the job of building a time machine might take thousands of centuries! There are several solutions to Einstein's general theory of relativity which allow travel to the past! But these usually require things like a cylinder of matter infinite in lenght or cosmic strings or spinning blackholes or a huge amount of anti-gravity or whatever...
  9. I have wanted to travel in time so much1 Do you want to know why? Reasons why I want to travel backwards in time to 1983... *For an exciting adventure *To feel free *To see amazing events i.e. my younger self being baptised *To relly make friends with people when hey experience time-travel *To be able to talk seriously about time-travel (without being laughed at) To share how I feel about this extreme interest *Express the thrill (and I won't have to hide my feeling any longer) *To live my life the way I believe is right, make it worthwhile and do what I'd like to *To know the future and win the lottery (if necessary) *To show that I am special and capable of wonderful things AIM: 00:00 31/10/1983 Why I want to travel forwards in time to 2058 To see and use the technology of 2058 i.e.computer games, toys etc To witness strange meetings i.e.meet my classmate then in heir seventies To discover what people I once knew are now doing To see what Ireland and my home looks like in 2058 To see what my best friend is and was like To explore what happened to the "Curran" family(my family)! AIM: 00:00 31/10/2058 Why stop time? *To do the things I want to do without being made fun of *To be free *For enjoyment *It's so strange Why do I want to have Out of the Body Experiences? PRIME REASON:To allow my astral body(non-physical spirit)to travel freely in space and time... *To adventure in different places and times *Freedom *To escape from pain Why induce DEJA VU(travelling back in time to live the sme day many times)? *It's cool and strange *To experiment with what ifs i.e. what would things be like if I did things differently *To do mad things! Conclusion The main reason I want to travel in time in either direction is very simple. IT'S FUN. It's not about being so rich or famous or proving a point... Written by Paul Martin Thomas Curran Chronovisor Sources iframe{width: 1px;min-width: 100%; border:none}
  10. It is very interesting what would happen if you left the present and reached the future. In The Time Machine the time travelers asks about himself and people claim he went missing when he left on his journey through time. It seems like an BTTF2 Marty was taken away in 1985 so his kids and everything couldn't exist in 2015... But the existance of his kids might just be evidence that they will later return to 1985 to do all those things! This would imply that everything they are going to do have already been decided! It became clear the the future is NOT set as Doc claimed the future hasn't been written yet. So how could they travel into what does not exist? Even when Marty went to 1955 he must have been from the future from some people's point of view? The future they travelled to might just have been one possible future! In the quantum many worlds theory there are an infinite amount of futures where every possibility occurs...
  11. If aliens were ever seen on or near earth then it's likely they came FROM the future even if they are aliens... Since they came FROM a great distance in ORDER for them to get here in a reasonable time they would have to travel faster than light would take to travel the distance. According to relativity(serious science, partly proven)if something travelled faster than light it would move back in time! Even if the aliens used a wormhole(a tunnel in time and space) they would almost certainly go backwards in time! They would either have to travel at great speeds or use a wormhole as far as our physics suggests. Both these things would greatly distort time or allow time-travel! So probably either aliens came back FROM the future or humans do... The possibility of time-travel has to be taken seriously because of the work done by theoretical physicists the last few decades. How does time behave in physics? Time can be slowed down by gravity and high speeds... It's relative so as we advance in technology we can hope to warp time so much we could travel towards the past...
  12. ALTERING THE COURSE OF HISTORY Find out why theoretical physicists think changing the past is impossible. Travelling back in time now becomes very confusing when you are twenty. The moment you are in the past you seem to have control over what you allow and don't allow to happen. You might be able to approach your younger self and tell him all the mistakes you will or have made. In an accident you might give your teenage self bad advise. You might cause a chain reaction of events that make youself get badly bullied. Suppose you advise yourself to just ignore it instead of asking for help and HAVING it stopped. You look back on your childhood as if you know and remember everything about it. But of course if you are making changes this is no longer the same as your youth. The timeline has split and you are going up a different root in time. The point is you don't know what like for your younger self. The pain! Other pupils mocking him every day. This could lead him to his grave. At sixteen unable to take it any longer you might commit sucide. This means you are dead before you are able to go back in time! You don't get the chance to go back in time. You never go back and meet yourself and never give any advice good or bad. You do not affect history. You cannot change the past. In the sci-fi series Crime Traveller this idea was used. Holly (the quantum physicist who had a time machine)was never able to interfere with events that have happened. It was the first law of time. In simple terms you can visit history but you can't change it. Maybe go INTO different universes. After going back in time the first change you make might put you in a different world. You can kill you grandmother when she was a girl. At her funeral you are still alive. How since you have never been born? You have came FROM a parallel alternate universe where you actually have been born. When you kill your grandmother you are actually killing a carbon copy her double FROM this world. Your double FROM this world will now never be born because of your actions. IMPOSSIBLE The following case of events could not happen. Since the present is after the past do research now about a trip you will make back in time briefly. In a drawer you find a contract saying "I have succeeded in time travel to the past"signed by you. You cannot remember signing this before because you haven't yet. The wall clock reads 10:08Using a wormhole you go back five minutes ago. The clock now reads 10:03You pull the drawer open and grab the contract. It is not signed. You hear the handle of the door being turned. Your other self comes INTO the room. After burning the contract noone is going to find it. Accidently the place caughtes fire. Both of you run out. You other self cannot understand what's going on. After tripping down stairs he can't get up. Fire is all around him but the major threat is the smoke. After breathing in too much smoke death follows. Follow a simpler example. If the Doctor using his TARDIS arrives in earth just before 2000 again and shot his other self there. This is an experiment to see what would happen. After the doctor shots his otherself in the head, the wounded doctor dies. What happens to the doctor that came back? He's already dead before he had a chance to come back. Would he therefore fade out of existance when he kills his other self? That would go against the laws of physics for this world. The doctor could not have killed his other self. It is a paradox which is impossible. THE SCRIPT EATH BY BULLYING TIME TRAVEL CANNOT SAVE HIM THE NIGHTMARE BEGINS WHEN A YOUNG TEENAGER NAMED KYLE WALKER COMMITS SUICIDE AFTER BEING BULLIED.HIS FRIEND JOHN MANAGES TO TRAVEL BACK IN TIME AFTER YEARS OF RESEARCH.HE TRAVELS BACK BUT IS UNABLE TO CHANGE WHAT HAPPENED.KYLE DEATH STILL CANNOT BE PREVENTED.JOHN ALSO LEARNS IT IS HIS FATE TO DIE ALSO AND WHEN HE DOES HE MEETS KYLE AGAIN AND THE WAIT ENDS.ALBERT EINSTEIN ALSO MEETS KYLE AND HAS SOMETHING TO SAY TO KYLE.ALBERT WAS ONCE NICKNAMED 'FATHER BORE' AND CALLED STUPID.THIS ALL HAS ENDED AND SUCESS HAS CAME.THEY LATER WATCH DOWN ON EARTH FROM ANOTHER WORLD. BIG MOVIES THAT INVOLVE TIME TRAVEL EXPLORING THE EFFECTS OF PARADOXES I LOVE THE ACTION IN THE TERMINATOR FILMS.THE TWO FILMS ALSO ADDRESS PARADOXES WITH TIME TRAVEL. THE PARADOX OF THE MESSAGE IN THE FIRST FILM KYLE REESE TELLS SARAH A MESSAGE FROM JOHN.I.E. JOHN TOLD KYLE IN THE FUTURE.IT IS 'THANK YOU SARSH FOR YOUR COURAGE THROUGH THE DARK YEARS.I CANNOT HELP YOU WITH WHAT YOU MUST SOON FACE EXCEPT TO SAY THAT THE FUTURE IS NOT SET.YOU MUST BE STRONG SARAH,STRONGER THAN YOU EVER IMAGINED YOU CAN BE.YOU MUST SURVIVE OR I WILL NEVER EXIST.'SARAH REMEMBERS IT AND YEARS LATER TELLS JOHN.AFTER DECADES PASS JOHN TELLS KYLE THE MESSAGE BEFORE HE TRAVELS BACK IN TIME.WHO THOUGHT UP THE MESSAGE?HAS IT JUST SOMEHOW MANAGED TO COME INTO EXISTANCE?ACCORDING TO CLASSICAL PHYSICS THIS IS A CLASSICAL PARADOX.JOHN,KYLE AND SARAH CARRY THE MESSAGE ON.NONE OF THEM THOUGHT IT UP. THE PARADOX OF THE EXISTANCE OF SKY-NET WHEN THE COMPUTER CHIP AND ARM WERE FOUND IN THE FACTORY THE COMPANY DECIDED TO COVER IT UP.THEY SENT IT TO BE WORKED ON.IT WAS SMASHED BUT IT PRODUCED IDEAS. DYSON RELISED IT WAS VERY ADVANCED.AFER A LOT OF WORK HIS COMPUTER DECAME SELF AWARE.THIS WAS NOT THE COMPUTER CHIP FOUND ITSELF BUT DYSON STILL NEEDED HELP FROM THE FUTURE IN ORDER TO BUILD SKY-NET.THE HELP FROM THE FUTURE WAS A REVIEW OF HIS OWN WORK.THIS LEADS TO A SIMULAR CONTRADICTION AS THE MESSAGE PARADOX.MATTER COMING INTO EXISTANCE WITHOUT NEEDING TO BE CREATED. ERASING THE PAST I DO NOT THINK CHANGING THE PAST IS POSSIBLE.IF WE COULD GO BACK IN TIME AND PREVENT OUR OWN EXISTANCE WE WOULD NOT HAVE EXISTED IN THE FIRST PLACE.HOW COULD YOU DO ANYTHING I.E. ERASE YOUR OWN EXISTANCE IF YOU WERE NEVER BORN?THIS DOES NOT MEAN TIME TRAVEL IS IMPOSSIBLE.YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO CHANGE THE PAST EVEN IF YOU COULD GO BACK IN TIME.ALL TIME AND SPACE MIGHT BE SET IN A FOUR DIMENTIONAL SPACETIME GEOMETRY.IF YOU APPEAR TO CHANGE THE PAST YOU COULD BE GOING DOWN A TREE-LIKE DIAGRAM AND ENTERING ANOTHER UNIVERSE. THE PARADOX OF SKY-NET NEVER EXISTING A SCRIPT WRITTER NAMED DANIEL PEARSE OF ANOTHER TERMINATOR FILM SPOTTED A PARADOX IN THIS.ACCORDING TO HIM IF SKY-NET NEVER EXISTS THEN JOHN CONNER CAN NOT EXIST IN HIS PRESENT FORM.THIS IS BECAUSE KYLE NEVER TRAVELS BACK IN TIME TO BE JOHNS' FATHER.HE ALSO SAID THAT SARAH AND JOHNS' MEMORIES OF THE MACHINES SHOULD BE ERASED ACCORDING TO THE THEORY.LETS THINK ABOUT THIS.WE SEEN THE DARK FUTURE IN THE TWO FILMS SO IT MUST HAVE HAPPENED SOMEWHERE,MAYBE ANOTHER UNIVERSE.NOW THAT SARAH AND JOHN HAS PREVENTED THIS FROM HAPPENING THE WORLD CAN GO UP AN ALTERNATE BRANCH AND AVOID THE NUCLEAR WAR.ACCORDING TO QUANTUM PHYSICS THE WORLD IS SPILITING INTO DIFFERENT BRANCHES ALL THE TIME.IN 'THE TERMINATOR' KYLE SAID HE CAME FROM ONE POSSIBLE FUTURE.HE ALSO SAID IN THE MESSAGE THE FUTURE IS NOT SET.MAYBE JOHN AND THE MEMORIES OF THE NIGHTMARE ARE LEFT BEHIND THE INSANE WORLD THAT IS STILL IN EXISTANCE BUT IN ANOTHER UNIVERSE. I ENJOYED THE BACK TO THE FUTURE MOVIES.IN THE SECOND FILM SCENES FROM THE FIRST FILM ARE RESEEN.TECHNOLOGY CALLED BLUE SCREEN IS USED TO COMBINE IMAGES.IT IS HOW DOCTOR EMMET BROWN COULD BE SEEN TO MEET HIMSE ALL RIGHTS RESERVED INTRODUCING THE CONTERDICTIONS INVOLVED WITH TRAVELLING BACKWARDS THROUGH TIME TIMETRAVEL CONTERDICTIONS An easy to understand example of a paradox is a person who travels back in time and kills his/her grandmother.If they could do this they wouldn't have existed to do it.The grandmother must therefore survive deing murdered by someone who doesn't exist.But if this happens then the timetraveller is born and is free to go back and kill his/her grandmother.All we can say is that a situation exackly the same as this is impossible to occur.Theories have been put forward to prevent a paradox and allow timetravel.Entering parallel universes and simply not being able to change the past were meantioned. In The terminater the speech Kyle memerised FROM John to tell Sarah is another kind of paradox if we assume that the universe Kyle is the same or at least the message of the speech gets through to his original universe. Kyle goes back in time tells Sarah the speech,then she later tells John who gave Kyle the speech in the first place!Noone actually writes the speach. John passed it on to Kyle,Kyle to Sarah and Sarah to John. Imagine in 2005 that a company who built a time machine wrote an account of how it was done.Then they go back in time to explore the past.David,a scientist who travelled back in time gave his younger self the designs.The young David then spends years designing the time machine.The events got through to old Davids'original universe. The designs weren't written dy David.They weren't written written by any company.David gave the company the designs.The company later allowed David to get the designs.Noone wrote the designs so how do they exist?Noone invented timetravel so how is it possible?According to classical physics this is a classical paradox and cannot occur in reality.Every event must have a cause,but if this is correct then how did the universe get created?Did it involve timetravel?Did it depend in the existance of a future event.It maywell have! Imagine that timetravel is already possible.A team of scientist create an infinite timewarp which takes them back to the very beginning of time.Travelling at the speed of light<with time stoped completly> it takes them no time at all to create matter and time.This therefore causes the big bang.This means future events already exist.There is no direct counterdiction.We can't prove that future events don't exist. If you say you are going to change the future by not commiting a crime and therefore not facing a trail then not commiting a crime is what you future was in the first in the first place.You haven't changed the future! FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT mailto:[email protected] STEPHEN HAWKINGS' CHRONOLOGY PROTECTION HYPOTHESIS THIS IS THE IDEA THAT TIME TRAVEL TO THE PAST IS IMPOSSIBLE BECAUSE OF PARADOXES AND NO TIME TRAVELLERS FROM THE FUTURE.I HAVE WRITTEN ABOUT THE IDEA THAT THE PAST CAN NOT BE CHANGED IN A SCRIPT I WROTE CALLED 'TIME TRAVEL CANNOT SAVE HIM'. SHEPHEN HAWKING HAD AN IDEA THAT TIME TRAVEL TO THE PAST IS NOT POSSIBLE.HE WROTE ABOUT THIS IN HIS BOOK 'BLACK HOLES AND BABY UNIVERSES'. IN 1991 HE DESCRIBED WAYS TIME TRAVEL COULD BE PREVENTED.IN HIS HYPOTHESIS HE EXPLORED THE POSSIBILITY OF ALL TIME MACHINES BEING DESTROYED AT THE POINT OF THEIR FORMATION.THE WORMHOLE MAY BE UNSTABLE OR THE PRESENCE OF A SPACESHIP MAY MAKE IT UNSTABLE AND THEREFORE MAY NOT TAKE YOU BACK IN TIME.THE WORMHOLE MAY WARP SPACETIME TO THE EXTENT TRAVEL TO THE PAST WOULD NOT BE POSSIBLE THROUGH IT. HE DISCUSSED THE POSSIBLE PARADOXES I.E. CHANGES THAT WOULD PERVENT YOUR EXISTANCE INVOLVED WITH GOING BACK TO THE PAST.HE MEANTIONED THAT IN HIS OWN WORDS 'WE HAVE NOT BEEN INVADED BY HORDS OF TOURISTS FROM THE FUTURE.HE MEANT IF TIME TRAVEL IS GOING TO BECOME POSSIBLE TIME TRAVELLERS FROM THE FUTURE WOULD BE HERE NOW.IF IT BECAME POPULAR WHY WOULD WE NOT SEE PEOPLE FROM THE FUTURE HERE NOW.A LOT OF PEOPLE MIGHT WANT TO BE HERE NOW BECAUSE OF THE YEAR 2000 COMING UP.WHILE THIS TOPIC WAS BEING DISCUSSED THE QUESTION 'HOW DO YOU KNOW PEOPLE HAVEN'T CAME BACK FROM THE FUTURE?' WAS PUT FORWARD.WAS PUT FORWARD.MAYBE WE HAVE MET TIME TRAVELLERS WITHOUT KNOWING IT!LIKE SOME PASSER-BY YOU MET LAST WEEK COULD HAVE BEEN FROM ANOTHER POINT IN TIME.THAT PASSER-BY MIGHT EVEN HAVE BEEN YOU FROM DECADES IN THE FUTURE!IF THIS IS THE CASE WHY WOULD PEOPLE NOT ADMIT TO BEING TIME TRAVELLERS?THEY MIGHT THINK NOONE WOULD BELIEVE THERE STORY. SOMETHING ACCEPTED IN PHYSICS NOW MIGHT BE WRONG AND THEY MIGHT KNOW ABOUT IT. THEY THEREFORE MIGHT THINK THAT WE COULD NOT UNDERSTAND THE REAL PHYSICS FOR THIS WORLD. AS A MATTER OF FACT THERE HAS BEEN CLAIMS OF SUCESSFUL TIME TRAVEL! ACCORDING TO AN ANOYAMUS E-MAIL ON AN INTERNET WEB PAGE A GUY ON THE RADIO CLAIMED TO BE A PERSON FROM AREA 51 AND SAID HE WAS FROM THE YEAR 2050.HE MADE PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE FUTURE IN THE YEAR 1997.HE SAID THAT THERE WOULD BE A FLOOD IN LOS ANGLEUS IN MARCH 1998.HE ALSO SAID THAT THERE WOULD BE A GREAT EARTH QUAKE IN LOS ANGLEUS IN THE WINTER OF 1999.THERE HAS BEEN A LOT OF RECORDED INCIDENTS IN WHICH PEOPLE HAVE SAID THEY HAVE SLIPPED ACROSS TIME.WORMHOLES MIGHT EXIST TO ALLOW PEOPLE TO TRAVEL ACROSS TIME.A PERSON SAID HE VISITED THE FUTURE.ANOTHER PERSON CLAIMED TO HAVE WENT BACK IN TIME.BOOKS HAS BEEN WRITTEN THAT RECORD THESE EXPERIENCES.THESE CASES HAVE BEEN CALLED TIME SLIPS. <CHAPTER 10>EXPLORING THE EFFECTS OF PARADOXES I LOVE THE ACTION IN THE TERMINATOR FILMS.THE TWO FILMS ALSO ADDRESS PARADOXES WITH TIME TRAVEL. THE PARADOX OF THE MESSAGE IN THE FIRST FILM KYLE REESE TELLS SARAH A MESSAGE FROM JOHN.I.E. JOHN TOLD KYLE IN THE FUTURE.IT IS 'THANK YOU SARSH FOR YOUR COURAGE THROUGH THE DARK YEARS.I CANNOT HELP YOU WITH WHAT YOU MUST SOON FACE EXCEPT TO SAY THAT THE FUTURE IS NOT SET.YOU MUST BE STRONG SARAH,STRONGER THAN YOU EVER IMAGINED YOU CAN BE.YOU MUST SURVIVE OR I WILL NEVER EXIST.'SARAH REMEMBERS IT AND YEARS LATER TELLS JOHN.AFTER DECADES PASS JOHN TELLS KYLE THE MESSAGE BEFORE HE TRAVELS BACK IN TIME.WHO THOUGHT UP THE MESSAGE?HAS IT JUST SOMEHOW MANAGED TO COME INTO EXISTANCE?ACCORDING TO CLASSICAL PHYSICS THIS IS A CLASSICAL PARADOX.JOHN,KYLE AND SARAH CARRY THE MESSAGE ON.NONE OF THEM THOUGHT IT UP. THE PARADOX OF THE EXISTANCE OF SKY-NET WHEN THE COMPUTER CHIP AND ARM WERE FOUND IN THE FACTORY THE COMPANY DECIDED TO COVER IT UP.THEY SENT IT TO BE WORKED ON.IT WAS SMASHED BUT IT PRODUCED IDEAS. DYSON RELISED IT WAS VERY ADVANCED.AFER A LOT OF WORK HIS COMPUTER DECAME SELF AWARE.THIS WAS NOT THE COMPUTER CHIP FOUND ITSELF BUT DYSON STILL NEEDED HELP FROM THE FUTURE IN ORDER TO BUILD SKY-NET.THE HELP FROM THE FUTURE WAS A REVIEW OF HIS OWN WORK.THIS LEADS TO A SIMULAR CONTRADICTION AS THE MESSAGE PARADOX.MATTER COMING INTO EXISTANCE WITHOUT NEEDING TO BE CREATED. ERASING THE PAST I DO NOT THINK CHANGING THE PAST IS POSSIBLE.IF WE COULD GO BACK IN TIME AND PREVENT OUR OWN EXISTANCE WE WOULD NOT HAVE EXISTED IN THE FIRST PLACE.HOW COULD YOU DO ANYTHING I.E. ERASE YOUR OWN EXISTANCE IF YOU WERE NEVER BORN?THIS DOES NOT MEAN TIME TRAVEL IS IMPOSSIBLE.YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO CHANGE THE PAST EVEN IF YOU COULD GO BACK IN TIME.ALL TIME AND SPACE MIGHT BE SET IN A FOUR DIMENTIONAL SPACETIME GEOMETRY.IF YOU APPEAR TO CHANGE THE PAST YOU COULD BE GOING DOWN A TREE-LIKE DIAGRAM AND ENTERING ANOTHER UNIVERSE. THE PARADOX OF SKY-NET NEVER EXISTING A SCRIPT WRITTER NAMED DANIEL PEARSE OF ANOTHER TERMINATOR FILM SPOTTED A PARADOX IN THIS.ACCORDING TO HIM IF SKY-NET NEVER EXISTS THEN JOHN CONNER CAN NOT EXIST IN HIS PRESENT FORM.THIS IS BECAUSE KYLE NEVER TRAVELS BACK IN TIME TO BE JOHNS' FATHER.HE ALSO SAID THAT SARAH AND JOHNS' MEMORIES OF THE MACHINES SHOULD BE ERASED ACCORDING TO THE THEORY.LETS THINK ABOUT THIS.WE SEEN THE DARK FUTURE IN THE TWO FILMS SO IT MUST HAVE HAPPENED SOMEWHERE,MAYBE ANOTHER UNIVERSE.NOW THAT SARAH AND JOHN HAS PREVENTED THIS FROM HAPPENING THE WORLD CAN GO UP AN ALTERNATE BRANCH AND AVOID THE NUCLEAR WAR.ACCORDING TO QUANTUM PHYSICS THE WORLD IS SPILITING INTO DIFFERENT BRANCHES ALL THE TIME.IN 'THE TERMINATOR' KYLE SAID HE CAME FROM ONE POSSIBLE FUTURE.HE ALSO SAID IN THE MESSAGE THE FUTURE IS NOT SET.MAYBE JOHN AND THE MEMORIES OF THE NIGHTMARE ARE LEFT BEHIND THE INSANE WORLD THAT IS STILL IN EXISTANCE BUT IN ANOTHER UNIVERSE. I ENJOYED THE BACK TO THE FUTURE MOVIES.IN THE SECOND FILM SCENES FROM THE FIRST FILM ARE RESEEN.TECHNOLOGY CALLED BLUE SCREEN IS USED TO COMBINE IMAGES.IT IS HOW DOCTOR EMMET BROWN COULD BE SEEN TO MEET HIMSELF. INTRODUCING THE CONTERDICTIONS INVOLVED WITH TRAVELLING BACKWARDS THROUGH TIME TIMETRAVEL CONTERDICTIONS The most obious example of a paradox is probably a person who travels back in time and kills his/her grandmother.If they could do this they wouldn't have existed to do it.The grandmother must therefore survive deing murdered by someone who doesn't exist.But if this happens then the timetraveller is born and is free to go back and kill his/her grandmother.All we can say is that a situation exackly the same as this is impossible to occur.Theories have been put forward to prevent a paradox and allow timetravel.Entering parallel universes and simply not being able to change the past were meantioned. In The terminater the speech Kyle memerised FROM John to tell Sarah is another kind of paradox if we assume that the universe Kyle is the same or at least the message of the speech gets through to his original universe. Kyle goes back in time tells Sarah the speech,then she later tells John who gave Kyle the speech in the first place!Noone actually writes the speach. John passed it on to Kyle,Kyle to Sarah and Sarah to John. Imagine in 2005 that a company who built a time machine wrote an account of how it was done.Then they go back in time to explore the past.David,a scientist who travelled back in time gave his younger self the designs.The young David then spends years designing the time machine.The events got through to old Davids'original universe. The designs weren't written dy David.They weren't written written by any company.David gave the company the designs.The company later allowed David to get the designs.Noone wrote the designs so how do they exist?Noone invented timetravel so how is it possible?According to classical physics this is a classical paradox and cannot occur in reality.Every event must have a cause,but if this is correct then how did the universe get created?Did it involve timetravel?Did it depend in the existance of a future event.It maywell have! Imagine that timetravel is already possible.A team of scientist create an infinite timewarp which takes them back to the very beginning of time.Travelling at the speed of light<with time stoped completly> it takes them no time at all to create matter and time.This therefore causes the big bang.This means future events already exist.There is no direct counterdiction.We can't prove that future events don't exist. If you say you are going to change the future by not commiting a crime and therefore not facing a trail then not commiting a crime is what you future was in the first place.You haven't changed the future! ------------------ Paul Curran
  13. Time…(a very strange thing) Of course we all move forward in time every second of our lives. Newton thought time was absolute i.e. that it passed at the same rate regardless of anything. This simple common sense idea was believed for centuries… Until in 1905 Albert Einstein came to the conclusion that time must be relative. The speed of light 186,000 miles per second doesn’t change if you are moving relative to it. No matter how fast or slow you are already moving you’ill always measure a beam of light as 186, 000 mps. Since light speed is actually absolute space and time must be relative. Time can be slowed down by increasing the velocity. This means if you take a trip traveling very fast for a year you could return and find a century might have passed for everyone else. Less time would have passed from your point of view. This is the time dilation effect predicted by Einstein’s special theory of relativity. In 1971 atomic clocks proved Einstein had been right about time slowing down. As you move faster in space you move slower in time. If you could travel at light speed time would stop and faster than light would take you back in time… TIME You are in time and you experience it everyday of your life. It is weird the way people can't tell you exactly what time is without meantioning time or a scientific word meaning time. But do you want to know what time itself is? THE LAWS OF PHYSICS DO NOT STATE DO NOT STATE THAT TIME TRAVEL IS IMPOSSIBLE! By Paul Curran THIS IS AN EXCITING FACT! IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE E-MAIL ME AT [email protected] AN INTRODUCTION TO THE PHYSICS THAT PERMIT TIME TRAVEL TIME TRAVEL TO THE FUTURE AT A FASTER RATE RELATIVE TO OTHERS HAS BEEN EXPERIMENTLY CONFIRMED TO BE POSSIBLE.THE TIME DILATION EFFECT IS REAL.TIME IS AFFECTED IN STRONG GRAVITATIONAL FIELDS AND AT HIGH SPEEDS.A BLACK HOLE COULD BE A TIME MACHINE!YOU COULD GET PULLED IN,TRAVEL ALONG A TYPE OF TUNNEL AND COME OUT THE OTHER END AT A DIFFERENT POINT IN SPACETIME.IF PARTICLES EXCEED THE SPEED OF LIGHT THEY WOULD MOVE BACKWARDS THROUGH TIME.ANTI-MATTER MIGHT EXIST AND TRAVEL BACK IN TIME.IF ADVANCED WAVES EXIST THEY WOULD CARRY THEIR ENERGY BACK IN TIME.EXPLORE THE ADVENTURE AND UNDERSTAND THE THEORETICAL PHYSICS.LEARN WHAT ALBERT EINSTEIN,STEPHEN HAWKING AND KIP THORNE SAID ABOUT TIME TRAVEL.EXPLORE THE AMAZING FACTS AND THEORIES AND DECIDE FOR YOURSELF IF YOU THINK IT WILL BE INVENTED.THERE ARE SEVERAL WAYS IT COULD BE POSSIBLE. THE IDEA OF TIME-TRAVEL STILL AMAZES ME. WORK IN EINSTEINS' THEORIES SHOW THAT IT IS THEORETICAL POSSIBILITY. IT MAY BE POSSIBLE BY [CHAPTER 1]TRAVELLING AT HIGH SPEEDS TIME TRAVEL TO THE FUTURE IS A REALITY I HAVE BEEN INTERESTED IN THE IDEA OF TIME TRAVEL FOR YEARS.IT HAS BEEN A THRILL TO THINK ABOUT.I'VE STUDIED PART OF EINSTEINS' THEORIES OF SPECIAL AND GENERAL RELATIVITY.ALBERT EINSTEIN PREDICTED THAT TIME IS RELATIVE I.E.IT CAN BE SLOWED DOWN. THE TIME DILATION EFFECT HAS BEEN EXPERIMENTALLY CONFIRMED.IT IS NOT JUST A THEORY.ACCURATE ATOMIC CLOCKS MOVING AT A HIGH SPEED SHOW LESS TIME HAS PASSED FOR THEM THAN AN ACCURATE CLOCK LEFT ON EARTH. TIME SLOWS DOWN WHEN YOU ARE MOVING COMPARED TO SOMEONE AT REST.THE TIME DILATION EFFECT CAN BE USED TO TIME TRAVEL TO THE FUTURE.THIS EFFECT WAS PREDICTED IN THE THEORIES OF RELATIVITY.THE THEORY THAT TRAVELLING FAST DILATES TIME IS IN SPECIAL RELATIVITY WHICH WAS PUBLISHED IN 1905.THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY EXPLORES THE STRANGE EFFECTS THAT OCCUR AT HIGH SPEEDS.THIS MEANS THAT SOMEONE CAN TRAVEL TO THE FUTURE AT A FASTER RATE THAN OTHERS.IF YOU TRAVELLED INTO SPACE IN A ROCKET MOVING AT A HIGH SPEED AND LATER TURNED AROUND AND CAME BACK TO EARTH YOU WOULD FIND PEOPLE HAVE AGED MORE THAN YOU HAVE.IMAGINE COMING BACK AFTER A FEW DAYS OF TIME FOR YOU AND FINDING OUT ALL YOUR FRIENDS YOU LEFT BEHIND ARE NOW OLD.THE GUYS IN YOUR SCHOOL CLASS YOU CAN REMEMBER VERY CLEARLY IN THEIR SEVENTIES.YOU WOULD BARELY RECOGNIZE YOUR BEST FRIENDS IF THEY ARE STILL ALIVE IN THIS FUTURE.MAYBE THEY STILL BEHAVE LIKE THEY WERE WHEN YOU LAST SEEN THEM.MAYBE THEIR PERSONALITY HAS CHANGED COMPLETELY BY NOW.IMAGINE IF THE BOYS THAT USED TO WASTE TIME BY CARRYING ON HAD SUDDENLY FOR YOU BECOME RESPONSIBLE.THE GENERAL THEORY SAYS IN STRONG GRAVITATIONAL FIELDS TIME IS ALSO DILATED.IF TIME WAS NOT RELATIVE TO DIFFERENT OBSERVERS WOULD DISAGREE ABOUT THE AMOUNT OF TIME IT TAKES LIGHT TO GET FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER I.E. THE SPEED OF LIGHT.THE SPEED OF LIGHT IS PRESENTLY BELIEVED TO BE THE SAME FOR ALL ON- LOOKERS NO MATTER WHAT SPEED THEY ARE ALREADY TRAVELING AT.THIS MEANS EVERYONE WILL MEASURE LIGHT TO BE TRAVELING AT THE SAME SPEED.WHEN YOU ARE TRAVELLING FAST YOUR SURROUNDINGS APPEAR SHORTER IN LENGHT THAN THEY OTHERWISE WOULD APPEAR.ON-LOOKERS WATCHING YOU WOULD SEE YOU I.E.YOUR TRANSPORT MACHINE, AS SHORTER THAN IT WAS WHEN IT WAS STILL. [CHAPTER 2]WORMHOLES THEY ARE CONNECTIONS IN SPACETIME.THEY CAN PROVIDE QUICK TRANSPORT FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER.THEY HAVE TWO MOUTHS CONNECTED TO DIFFERENT POINTS IN SPACETIME AND ARE THOUGHT TO BE SAFE TO TRAVEL THROUGH.IF YOU WENT IN ONE END YOU WOULD COME OUT THE OTHER END ALMOST INSTANCELY.THIS WOULD MEAN YOU COULD ARRIVE AT A CERTAIN LOCATION FASTER THAN LIGHT WOULD TAKE TO TRAVEL USING THE NORMAL WAY WITHOUT A WORMHOLE.ACCORDING TO ALBERT EINSTEIN IF YOU TRAVELLED FASTER THAN LIGHT YOU WOULD MOVE BACK IN TIME RELATIVE TO SOMEONE TRAVELLING BELOW THE SPEED OF LIGHT.THIS COULD MEAN YOU WILL BE GOING BACK TO THE PAST WHEN YOU ARRIVE AT THE OTHER END OF THE WORMHOLE! THEY HAVE TWO MOUTHS AND CAN BE USED FOR TWO WAY TRANSPORT TO THE PAST AND THE FUTURE UNDER THE RIGHT CONDITIONS.IF THE WORMHOLES ARE CONNECTED TO CERTAIN SPACETIME POINTS THEY CAN BE USED FOR TIME TRAVEL SPACE TRAVEL AND PATHS TO OTHER UNIVERSES.THE EINSTEIN-ROSEN BRIDGE MIGHT EXIST.THIS IS A PORTAL TO ANOTHER UNIVERSE.THEY HAVE TWO MOUTHS AND CAN BE USED FOR TWO WAY TRANSPORT TO THE PAST AND THE FUTURE.KIP THORNE THOUGHT UP A WAY OF USING A WORMHOLE WITH MOUTHS ONLY INCHES AND A FRACTION OF A SECOND APPART AND LENGHTENED IT TO CREATE A VERY EFFECTIVE TIME MACHINE USING THE TIME DILATION EFFECT.INTERESTING STUFF.KIPS' IDEA INVOLVES KEEPING ONE MOUTH OF THE WORMHOLE ON EARTH AND THE OTHER IN A SPACESHIP TRAVELLING AT A HIGH SPEED.TIME DOES NOT PASS AT THE SAME RATE ON EARTH AND THE SPACESHIP BECAUSE OF THE TIME DILATION EFFECT.THE AMOUNT OF TIME BETWEEN THE MOUTHS THEREFORE CHANGES.LETS SAY TEN YEARS ON EARTH IS ONE YEAR IN THE SPACESHIP.WHAT WOULD YOU SEE IF YOU LOOKED INTO THE MOUTHS?KIP DESCRIBED THAT THINGS WOULD LOOK NORMAL AND YOU COULD TALK TO THE PERSON IF THERE WAS A PERSON AT THE OTHER END.IN MY RESEARCH IF TIME IS BEING DILATED THIS COULD NOT BE CORRECT.KIP MAY BE RIGHT BUT IF HE IS I DON'T UNDERSTAND THE PHYSICS BEHIND PART OF HIS THEORY.IF FROM EARTH RIGHT NOW I THINK YOU WOULD SEE THE EFFECTS OF THE PROCESS OF DILATING TIME.LOOKING THROUGH THE WORMHOLE THE PEOPLE ON BOARD THE SHACESHIP WOULD APPEAR TO BE MOVING ABOUT EXTREMELY FAST WITHOUT MUCH EFFORT.A PERSON TURNING HIS OR HER HEAD QUICKLY TYPING A FULL SCREEN AMOUNT OF WORK IN SECONDS.THE PERSON TYPING CASUALLY LOOKING UP FOR A FRACTION OF A SECOND.RAP MUSIC BEING PLAYED AT A VERY FAST RATE.THIS IS THE EXPERIENCE OF WATCHING THE SPACECRAFT THROUGH THE WORMHOLE FROM EARTH.EVEN IF YOU WATCHED THE SPACECRAFT USING A TELESCOPE INSTEAD YOU WOULD SEE THE EFFECTS OF TIME CHANGING SPEED.IF YOU WERE ON THE SPACECRAFT LOOKING AT EARTH YOU WOULD SEE THE EXACT OPPOSITE.WHAT YOU SEE WOULD BE LIKE SLOW MOTION.PEOPLE TRYING RUN LIKE MAD SEEM TO BE VERY SLOW.YOU SLOWLY TURN TO LOOK AT A COMPUTER.WHEN YOU INPUT DATA ABOUT THE EFFECTS YOU ARE SEEING YOU ARE NOT TYPING VERY FAST AT ALL.YOU TYPE AT A CASUAL SPEED OF ABOUT A LETTER PER SECOND.AFTER ABOUT TEN MINUTES OF TYPING YOU TAKE ANOTHER LOOK AROUNG.YOU PAUSE LOOKING AT THESE EFFECTS IN DEEP THOUGHT.YOU ARE NOT RUSHED AT ALL AND ARE NOT DOING THIS FAST. [CHAPTER 3]TACHYONS PARTICLES WITH MASS THAT APPROACH THE SPEED OF LIGHT ALSO APPROACH INFINITE MASS AND REQUIRE INFINITE ENERGY TO GET TO LIGHTSPEED.ACCORDING TO ALBERT EINSTEIN THIS IS THE ONLY CONTANT IN THE UNIVERSE IN THE UNIVERSE.EVERYTHING ELSE IS RELATIVE. IT HAS BEEN SUGGESTED THAT PARTICLES THAT CAN ONLY GO FASTER THAN LIGHT CAN EXCEED THE SPEED OF LIGHT. THE EXISTANCE OF TACHYONS HAS NOT YET BEEN PROVEN.NOONE REPORTED FINDING THEM.THEY MIGHT NOT EVEN EXIST BUT THEY HAVE NOT BEEN PROVED TO BE PURE FICTION EITHER. THEY ARE NOT RULED OUT BY WORK ON EINSTEINS' THEORY OF GENERAL RELATIVITY.ALTHOUGH GENERAL RELATIVITY SAYS NOTHING CAN TRAVEL FASTER THAN LIGHT THE THEORY ONLY SHOWED THAT A PARTICLE OF MASS CANNOT BREAK THE BARRIER.WHEN AN OBJECT IS OPROACHING LIGHT SPEED IT TAKES MORE AND MORE ENERGY TO ACCELERATE EVERY BIT FASTER IT GETS UNTIL IT BECOMES IMPOSSIBLE TO REACH THE SPEED OF LIGHT.THIS HAPPENS BECAUSE THE OBJECTS MASS IS INCREASING.THIS PROCESS PREVENTS OBJECTS TRAVELING AT SPEEDS BELOW LIGHT SPEED TO EXCEED THE SPEED OF LIGHT.OBJECTS THAT CAN ONLY TRAVEL AT BELOW THE SPEED OF LIGHT ARE CALLED TARDYONS.MANY SCIENTISTS WOULD LIKE TO RULE OUT THE POSSIBILITY OF ANYTHING ELSE.THE IDEA THAT PARTICLES THAT ALWAYS TRAVEL FASTER THAN LIGHT HAS BEEN SUGGESTED.SOLUTIONS TO GENERAL RELATIVITY SAYS THEY MIGHT EXIST.YOU COULD NOT SLOW THEM DOWN TO THE SPEED OF LIGHT.THEY ARE ALWAYS TRAVELING FASTER THAN LIGHT AND THEREFORE ACCORDING TO RELATIVITY SOLUTIONS THEY WOULD MOVE BACKWARDS THROUGH TIME.THEY COULD LEAD TO THE CONSTRUCTION OF A TIME MACHINE!THEY MIGHT ALLOW US TO TRAVEL BACK TO THE PAST.IF THESE PARTICLES ARE EVER DISCOVER THEY HAVE COME FROM THE FUTURE. [CHAPTER 4]BLACK HOLES WHEN A DYING STAR REACHES THE END OF ITS' LIFE IF IT IS MASSIVE ENOUGH IT WILL COLLAPSE UNDER ITS' OWN GRAVITATIONAL PULL AND BECOME A BLACK HOLE.NOTHING NOT EVEN LIGHT CAN ESCAPE FROM THE BLACK HOLE. THERE IS STRONG THEORETICAL EVIDENCE SUGGESTING BLACK HOLES ARE NOT JUST SCIENCE FICTION.THEY MAY HAVE BEEN PRODUCED AFTER THE BIG BANG.ALL THAT IS NEEDED TO CREATE A BLACK HOLE IS A MASS OF ANY AMOUNT COMPRESSED TO A SUFFICENT DEGREE.IF A STAR IS LARGE ENOUGH AT THE END OF ITS' LIFE IT WILL BECOME A BLACK HOLE.WHEN IT HAS USED UP ALL ITS' NUCLEAR FUEL IT COLLAPSES UNDER ITS' OWN GRAVITY.THE GRAVITATIONAL FIELD OF THE INTERIOR OF A BLACK HOLE IS VERY STRONG AND IT PULLS THINGS IN.EVEN LIGHT IS DRAGGED TOWARDS THE BLACK HOLE AND CANNOT ESCAPE FROM IT.TACHYONS MAY BE ABLE TO GET INSIDE A BLACK HOLE AND OUT AGAIN BECAUSE THEY TRAVEL FASTER THAN LIGHT. A LOT OF WORK HAS BEEN DONE ON BLACK HOLES BY PEOPLE SUCH AS STEPHEN HAWKING,ROGER PENROSE AND ALBERT EINSTEIN.STEPHEN SAID THAT BLACK HOLES ARE NOT COMPLETELY BLACK.IT HAS ALSO BEEN SAID THAT THEY HAVE NO HAIR. A BLACK HOLE IS THOUGHT TO EXIST IN CYGNUS X-1. THE DANGER IF YOU GOT NEAR ENOUGH A BLACK HOLE YOU COULD GET SUCKED IN. IF YOU FELL INTO A BLACK HOLE YOU COULD GET TORN APPART BY EXTREMELY STRONG GRAVITY.IN SOME CASES THIS WOULD BE ENOUGH TO KILL A HUMAN. MASSIVE BLACK HOLES ARE THOUGHT TO BE A LOT SAFER THAN SMALL ONES.LARGE BLACK HOLES HAS WEAKER GRAVITY THAN BIG ONES.YOU WILL STILL BE DRAGGED IN BUT IF THE BLACK HOLE IS LARGE ENOUGH THE GRAVITATIONAL CONDITIONS WOULD NOT BE ENOUGH TO KILL A PERSON.IF YOU DO GET IN WHAT HAPPENS NEXT IS UNKNOWN ALTHOUGH THERE HAVE BEEN THEORIES PUT FORWARD. ESCAPING FROM A BLACK HOLE IT IS THOUGHT TO BE A TRAP WITH NO ESCAPE FOR EVEN LIGHT BUT THERE ARE WAYS YOU MIGHT GET OUT.IF YOU AVIOD THE SINGULARITY YOU MIGHT TRAVEL ALONG A TYPE OF TUNNEL AND COME OUT SOMEWHERE ELSE IN SPACE AND TIME!YOU COULD END UP IN THE PAST.AFTER YOU GET SUCKED IN THE BLACK HOLE YOU MIGHT COME OUT OF A WHITE HOLE.THIS IS THE EXACT OPPISITE TO A BLACK HOLE.INSTEAD OF PULLING MATTER IN THE WHITE HOLE PRODUCES IT AND THROWS IT OUT.IT HAS ALSO NOT BEEN PROVEN BY A PHYSICAL EXPERIMENT AND THEREFORE MIGHT NOT EXIST.IF YOU WERE SUCKED INTO A BLACK HOLE SOMEWHERE IN OUR SOLAR SYSTEM YOU MIGHT GET THROWN OUT OF A WHITE HOLE IN A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT SOLAR SYSTEM VERY FAR AWAY.A TYPE OF WORMHOLE WOULD HAVE FORMED IN THIS CASE.THIS COULD BE FASTER THAN LIGHT TRAVELLING THE USUAL ROTE.ACCORDING TO SOLUTIONS OF GENERAL RELATIVITY THIS COULD MEAN TRAVELLING BACK IN TIME!STEPHEN HAWKING WROTE ABOUT THIS. INFORMATION ON WORMHOLES THESE ARE CONNECTIONS IN SPACETIME.THE THEORY SAYS THEY ALLOW TWO WAY TRAFFIC.THIS MEANS YOU CAN PASS THROUGH EACH END AND COME OUT THE OTHER END.EACH END OF THE WORMHOLE IS CALLED A MOUTH.EXOTIC MATTER IS NEEDED TO KEEP THE MOUTHS OPEN.THEY PROVIDE ALMOST INSTANCE TRAVEL FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER.THEY MIGHT BE ABLE TO TAKE YOU TO THE OTHER END FASTER THAN IF YOU TRAVELLED AT LIGHTSPEED TAKING THE NORMAL PATH. COSMIC STRINGSUNDER THE CORRECT CONDITIONS THEY CAN MOVE FASTER THAN LIGHT AND MEAN TRAVELLING BACKWARDS IN TIME.THEY ARE STILL THOUGHT TO BE PURE FICTION. [CHAPTER 5]GRAVITATIONAL CONDITIONSIN EINSTEINS' GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY HE PERDICTED THAT GRAVITY AFFECTS TIME. AMAZING THINGS CAN HAPPEN UNDER THE RIGHT GRAVITATIONAL CONDITIONS. GRAVITY EXISTS BETWEEN ALL MATTER.IT TRIES TO PULL OBJECTS TOGETHER. THE LARGER THE OBJECTS THE STRONGER THE GRAVITATIONAL PULL BETWEEN THEM.SPINING ALSO SIMULATES GRAVITY.THIS IS HOW A GRAVITATIONAL FIELD CAN BE CREATED. GRAVITY AFFECTS THE SPEED TIME PASSES.IT CAN CHANGE THE SPEED OF TIME AND IN EXTREME SITUATIONS EVEN CHANGE THE DIRECTION TIME FLOWS.IF YOU ENTERED A STRONG GRAVITATIONAL FIELD YOU WOULD TRAVEL FASTER TO THE FUTURE THAN YOU OTHERWISE WOULD HAVE.THESE STRONG GRAVITIONAL FIELDS EXIST NEAR MASSIVE BODIES IN SPACE FOR EXAMPLE LARGE PLANETS [sUCH AS JUPITER AND SATURN]OR STARS LIKE OUR SUN.THE GRAVITY OF THESE BODIES AFFECTS TIME.THE AMOUNT OF TIME RECORDED TO PASS NEAR THESE BODIES WOULD BE LESS THAN THE AMOUNT OF TIME RECORDED TO PASS AWAY FROM THESE BODIES IN NORMAL CONDITIONS.IF YOU CLOSED YOUR EYES AND TRAVELLED ON A LIFT YOU MIGHT FEEL A FORCE.THIS COULD BE THE FORCE OF THE MOVEMENT BUT IT ALSO MIGHT BE THE EXPERIENCE OF THE EFFECTS OF GRAVITY.YOU WOULD NOT KNOW FOR CERTAIN WHICH ONE IF YOU KEPT YOUR EYES CLOSED.THIS MEANS GRAVITY IS LIKE MOVEMENT.THEREFORE THE TIME DILATION EFFECT WOULD OCCUR IN GRAVITATIONAL CONDITIONS AS WELL AS HIGH SPEEDS.IN GENERAL RELATIVITY THE IDEA WAS THAT GRAVITY,ENERGY AND MATTER TELLS SPACETIME HOW TO CURVE AND SPACETIME TELLS MATTER HOW TO MOVE AND GRAVITY HOW TO ACT.THE THEORY MEANS THAT GRAVITY IS NOT A FORCE BUT AN ASPECT OF SPACETIME. [CHAPTER 6]THE EXPANDING UNIVERSE THE UNIVERSE IS SUPPOSED TO BE EXPANDING NOW .SOME SCIENTISTS SAY THIS IS WHY TIME NOW FLOWS FORWARD.THE PHYSICIST STEPHEN HAWKING WROTE IN HIS BEST SELLER BOOK 'A BRIEF HISTORY OF TIME' AND IN 'BLACK HOLES AND BABY UNIVERSES' THAT THE UNIVERSE MAY LATER START CONTRACTING AND EVERYTHING GOES BACKWARDS,EVEN TIME IN THEORY COULD ALSO FLOW BACKWARDS.THIS IDEA WAS SHOWN IN THE SUCESSFUL BBC SCIENCEFICTION SERIES 'RED DRARF ,BACKWARDS'. THIS UNIVERSE IS EXPANDING.MORE SPACE IS BEING MADE TO STORE THE HEAT IS THAT IS BEING PRODUCED.SOME PEOPLE SAY THIS IS THE ARROW OF TIME.SOME TIME IN THE FUTURE THE BODIES IN SPACE MIGHT PULL ON EACH OTHER AND THE UNIVERSE WOULD START CONTRACTING.IF THE EXPANSION OF THE UNIVERSE IS THE ARROW OF TIME THEN TIME ITSELF WILL RUN BACKWARDS.IF THIS LATER DOES HAPPEN IT WOULD BE AMAZING TO SEE.THE PROCESS PUPILS WRITING IN EXERCISE BOOKS BACKWARDS.IT WOULD BE LIKE THEY ARE DELETING ALL THE WRITTEN WORK. SEEING BURNT ASHES TURN ITSELF INTO EMPTY BOTTLES AND STICKS.PEOPLE COME BACK FROM DEATH.AFTER THE RAIN EVERYTHING IS DRY.AFTER A BOMB GOES OFF A LOT OF PEOPLE BECOME ALIVE AGAIN.THE FOLLOWING PROCESS WOULD OCCUR IN THIS ORDER.A PERSON LYING DEAD.THEN THAT PERSON IS SHOT.THEN THAT PERSON IS ALIVE AND TRYING TO AVIOD GETTING SHOT.THEN THAT PERSON IS UNAWARE OF THE MAN WITH A GUN.THE VICTIM IS NO LONGER TRYING TO GET AWAY. [CHAPTER 7]ANTI MATTER IT IS THEORISED TO EXIST.FOR EVERY PARTICLE THERE IS AN ANTI PARTICLE.EVERY THING IS DIFFERENT.EVEN THE DIRECTION OF TIME SHOULD BE CHANGED.RICHARD FEYNMAN SHOWED IN MATHEMATICAL TERMS HOW ANTI-MATTER MOVES BACK THROUGH TIME. WAVES THAT CAN GO BACK IN TIMERICHARD FEYNMAN SHOWED THAT IT IS POSSIBLE FOR WAVES AND PARTICLES TO TRAVEL BACK IN TIME.THE THEORY CONSISTS OF WAVES IN INTEREFERANCE SHATTERING AND SPLITING.HALF OF THE ENERGY GOES INTO THE FUTURE AND HALF GOES INTO THE PAST. RETARDED WAVES CARRY THEIR ENERGY TO THE FUTURE.THESE ARE COMMON FROM EVERY DAY SOURSES FOR EXAMPLE THEY INCLUDE RADIO WAVES,TELEVISION WAVES,HEAT WAVES ETC.THEY CAN TRAVEL VERY FAST I.E.IT TAKES ABOUT A SECOND FOR RADIO WAVES TO REACH THEIR RECIEVERS.THE IMPORTANT POINT IS THAT THESE WAVES TRAVEL FORWARD IN TIME.YOU HERE THE MUSIC ON THE RADIO AFTER THE WAVES HAVE BEEN SENT.ADVANCED WAVES ARE THE OPPISITE BECAUSE THEY CARRY THEIR ENERGY BACK IN TIME.IF ADVANCED WAVES SENT THE SIGNALS TO A RADIO NEWS WOULD BE HEARD BEFORE THE NEWS REPORTER BROADCASTS IT.YOU COULD FIND OUT ABOUT FUTURE DISASTERS FOR EXAMPLE PEOPLE YET TO DIE.YOU COULD LISTEN TO FIND OUT WHAT SONG IS GOING TO COME NUMBER ONE.YOU COULD FIND OUT THE RESULTS OF A HORSE RACE THAT HAS NOT BEEN RUN YET.THEN YOU COULD PLACE BETS KNOWING WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN.THIS ALL HAPPENS BECAUSE ADVANCED WAVES TRAVEL BACK IN TIME.THEY HAVE COME BACK FROM THE FUTURE.THERE DOES NOT SEEM MUCH REASON TO RULE OUT THE EXISTANCE OF ADVANCED WAVES EXCEPT THAT THEY HAVE NOT YET BEEN ANOUNHED TO BE FOUND.ADVANCED WAVES HAVE BEEN SEARCHED FOR.IF THEY DO EXIST THEY MIGHT BE TO WEAK TO DETECT.MAYBE THEY DO NOT EXIST AND ONLY RETARDED WAVES EXIST BUT IF THIS IS THE WAY THE WORLD IS WHY IS IT LIKE THAT?WHY WOULD ONLY RETARDED WAVES EXIST? STEPHEN HAWKINGS' CHRONOLOGY PROTECTION HYPOTHESIS THIS IS THE IDEA THAT TIME TRAVEL TO THE PAST IS IMPOSSIBLE BECAUSE OF PARADOXES AND NO TIME TRAVELLERS FROM THE FUTURE.I HAVE WRITTEN ABOUT THE IDEA THAT THE PAST CAN NOT BE CHANGED IN A SCRIPT I WROTE CALLED 'TIME TRAVEL CANNOT SAVE HIM'. SHEPHEN HAWKING HAD AN IDEA THAT TIME TRAVEL TO THE PAST IS NOT POSSIBLE.HE WROTE ABOUT THIS IN HIS BOOK 'BLACK HOLES AND BABY UNIVERSES'. IN 1991 HE DESCRIBED WAYS TIME TRAVEL COULD BE PREVENTED.IN HIS HYPOTHESIS HE EXPLORED THE POSSIBILITY OF ALL TIME MACHINES BEING DESTROYED AT THE POINT OF THEIR FORMATION.THE WORMHOLE MAY BE UNSTABLE OR THE PRESENCE OF A SPACESHIP MAY MAKE IT UNSTABLE AND THEREFORE MAY NOT TAKE YOU BACK IN TIME.THE WORMHOLE MAY WARP SPACETIME TO THE EXTENT TRAVEL TO THE PAST WOULD NOT BE POSSIBLE THROUGH IT. HE DISCUSSED THE POSSIBLE PARADOXES I.E. CHANGES THAT WOULD PERVENT YOUR EXISTANCE INVOLVED WITH GOING BACK TO THE PAST.HE MEANTIONED THAT IN HIS OWN WORDS 'WE HAVE NOT BEEN INVADED BY HORDS OF TOURISTS FROM THE FUTURE.HE MEANT IF TIME TRAVEL IS GOING TO BECOME POSSIBLE TIME TRAVELLERS FROM THE FUTURE WOULD BE HERE NOW.IF IT BECAME POPULAR WHY WOULD WE NOT SEE PEOPLE FROM THE FUTURE HERE NOW.A LOT OF PEOPLE MIGHT WANT TO BE HERE NOW BECAUSE OF THE YEAR 2000 COMING UP.WHILE THIS TOPIC WAS BEING DISCUSSED THE QUESTION 'HOW DO YOU KNOW PEOPLE HAVEN'T CAME BACK FROM THE FUTURE?' WAS PUT FORWARD.WAS PUT FORWARD.MAYBE WE HAVE MET TIME TRAVELLERS WITHOUT KNOWING IT!LIKE SOME PASSER-BY YOU MET LAST WEEK COULD HAVE BEEN FROM ANOTHER POINT IN TIME.THAT PASSER-BY MIGHT EVEN HAVE BEEN YOU FROM DECADES IN THE FUTURE!IF THIS IS THE CASE WHY WOULD PEOPLE NOT ADMIT TO BEING TIME TRAVELLERS?THEY MIGHT THINK NOONE WOULD BELIEVE THERE STORY. SOMETHING ACCEPTED IN PHYSICS NOW MIGHT BE WRONG AND THEY MIGHT KNOW ABOUT IT. THEY THEREFORE MIGHT THINK THAT WE COULD NOT UNDERSTAND THE REAL PHYSICS FOR THIS WORLD. AS A MATTER OF FACT THERE HAS BEEN CLAIMS OF SUCESSFUL TIME TRAVEL! ACCORDING TO AN ANOYAMUS E-MAIL ON AN INTERNET WEB PAGE A GUY ON THE RADIO CLAIMED TO BE A PERSON FROM AREA 51 AND SAID HE WAS FROM THE YEAR 2050.HE MADE PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE FUTURE IN THE YEAR 1997.HE SAID THAT THERE WOULD BE A FLOOD IN LOS ANGLEUS IN MARCH 1998.HE ALSO SAID THAT THERE WOULD BE A GREAT EARTH QUAKE IN LOS ANGLEUS IN THE WINTER OF 1999.THERE HAS BEEN A LOT OF RECORDED INCIDENTS IN WHICH PEOPLE HAVE SAID THEY HAVE SLIPPED ACROSS TIME.WORMHOLES MIGHT EXIST TO ALLOW PEOPLE TO TRAVEL ACROSS TIME.A PERSON SAID HE VISITED THE FUTURE.ANOTHER PERSON CLAIMED TO HAVE WENT BACK IN TIME.BOOKS HAS BEEN WRITTEN THAT RECORD THESE EXPERIENCES.THESE CASES HAVE BEEN CALLED TIME SLIPS. EXPLORING THE EFFECTS OF PARADOXES I LOVE THE ACTION IN THE TERMINATOR FILMS.THE TWO FILMS ALSO ADDRESS PARADOXES WITH TIME TRAVEL. THE PARADOX OF THE MESSAGE IN THE FIRST FILM KYLE REESE TELLS SARAH A MESSAGE FROM JOHN.I.E. JOHN TOLD KYLE IN THE FUTURE.IT IS 'THANK YOU SARSH FOR YOUR COURAGE THROUGH THE DARK YEARS.I CANNOT HELP YOU WITH WHAT YOU MUST SOON FACE EXCEPT TO SAY THAT THE FUTURE IS NOT SET.YOU MUST BE STRONG SARAH,STRONGER THAN YOU EVER IMAGINED YOU CAN BE.YOU MUST SURVIVE OR I WILL NEVER EXIST.'SARAH REMEMBERS IT AND YEARS LATER TELLS JOHN.AFTER DECADES PASS JOHN TELLS KYLE THE MESSAGE BEFORE HE TRAVELS BACK IN TIME.WHO THOUGHT UP THE MESSAGE?HAS IT JUST SOMEHOW MANAGED TO COME INTO EXISTANCE?ACCORDING TO CLASSICAL PHYSICS THIS IS A CLASSICAL PARADOX.JOHN,KYLE AND SARAH CARRY THE MESSAGE ON.NONE OF THEM THOUGHT IT UP. THE PARADOX OF THE EXISTANCE OF SKY-NET WHEN THE COMPUTER CHIP AND ARM WERE FOUND IN THE FACTORY THE COMPANY DECIDED TO COVER IT UP.THEY SENT IT TO BE WORKED ON.IT WAS SMASHED BUT IT PRODUCED IDEAS. DYSON RELISED IT WAS VERY ADVANCED.AFER A LOT OF WORK HIS COMPUTER DECAME SELF AWARE.THIS WAS NOT THE COMPUTER CHIP FOUND ITSELF BUT DYSON STILL NEEDED HELP FROM THE FUTURE IN ORDER TO BUILD SKY-NET.THE HELP FROM THE FUTURE WAS A REVIEW OF HIS OWN WORK.THIS LEADS TO A SIMULAR CONTRADICTION AS THE MESSAGE PARADOX.MATTER COMING INTO EXISTANCE WITHOUT NEEDING TO BE CREATED. ERASING THE PAST I DO NOT THINK CHANGING THE PAST IS POSSIBLE.IF WE COULD GO BACK IN TIME AND PREVENT OUR OWN EXISTANCE WE WOULD NOT HAVE EXISTED IN THE FIRST PLACE.HOW COULD YOU DO ANYTHING I.E. ERASE YOUR OWN EXISTANCE IF YOU WERE NEVER BORN?THIS DOES NOT MEAN TIME TRAVEL IS IMPOSSIBLE.YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO CHANGE THE PAST EVEN IF YOU COULD GO BACK IN TIME.ALL TIME AND SPACE MIGHT BE SET IN A FOUR DIMENTIONAL SPACETIME GEOMETRY.IF YOU APPEAR TO CHANGE THE PAST YOU COULD BE GOING DOWN A TREE-LIKE DIAGRAM AND ENTERING ANOTHER UNIVERSE. THE PARADOX OF SKY-NET NEVER EXISTING A SCRIPT WRITTER NAMED DANIEL PEARSE OF ANOTHER TERMINATOR FILM SPOTTED A PARADOX IN THIS.ACCORDING TO HIM IF SKY-NET NEVER EXISTS THEN JOHN CONNER CAN NOT EXIST IN HIS PRESENT FORM.THIS IS BECAUSE KYLE NEVER TRAVELS BACK IN TIME TO BE JOHNS' FATHER.HE ALSO SAID THAT SARAH AND JOHNS' MEMORIES OF THE MACHINES SHOULD BE ERASED ACCORDING TO THE THEORY.LETS THINK ABOUT THIS.WE SEEN THE DARK FUTURE IN THE TWO FILMS SO IT MUST HAVE HAPPENED SOMEWHERE,MAYBE ANOTHER UNIVERSE.NOW THAT SARAH AND JOHN HAS PREVENTED THIS FROM HAPPENING THE WORLD CAN GO UP AN ALTERNATE BRANCH AND AVOID THE NUCLEAR WAR.ACCORDING TO QUANTUM PHYSICS THE WORLD IS SPILITING INTO DIFFERENT BRANCHES ALL THE TIME.IN 'THE TERMINATOR' KYLE SAID HE CAME FROM ONE POSSIBLE FUTURE.HE ALSO SAID IN THE MESSAGE THE FUTURE IS NOT SET.MAYBE JOHN AND THE MEMORIES OF THE NIGHTMARE ARE LEFT BEHIND THE INSANE WORLD THAT IS STILL IN EXISTANCE BUT IN ANOTHER UNIVERSE. I ENJOYED THE BACK TO THE FUTURE MOVIES.IN THE SECOND FILM SCENES FROM THE FIRST FILM ARE RESEEN.TECHNOLOGY CALLED BLUE SCREEN IS USED TO COMBINE IMAGES.IT IS HOW DOCTOR EMMET BROWN COULD BE SEEN TO MEET HIMSELF. INTRODUCING THE CONTERDICTIONS INVOLVED WITH TRAVELLING BACKWARDS THROUGH TIME TIMETRAVEL CONTERDICTIONS The most obious example of a paradox is probably a person who travels back in time and kills his/her grandmother.If they could do this they wouldn't have existed to do it.The grandmother must therefore survive deing murdered by someone who doesn't exist.But if this happens then the timetraveller is born and is free to go back and kill his/her grandmother.All we can say is that a situation exackly the same as this is impossible to occur.Theories have been put forward to prevent a paradox and allow timetravel.Entering parallel universes and simply not being able to change the past were meantioned. In The terminater the speech Kyle memerised from John to tell Sarah is another kind of paradox if we assume that the universe Kyle is the same or at least the message of the speech gets through to his original universe. Kyle goes back in time tells Sarah the speech,then she later tells John who gave Kyle the speech in the first place!Noone actually writes the speach. John passed it on to Kyle,Kyle to Sarah and Sarah to John. Imagine in 2005 that a company who built a time machine wrote an account of how it was done.Then they go back in time to explore the past.David,a scientist who travelled back in time gave his younger self the designs.The young David then spends years designing the time machine.The events got through to old Davids'original universe. The designs weren't written dy David.They weren't written written by any company.David gave the company the designs.The company later allowed David to get the designs.Noone wrote the designs so how do they exist?Noone invented timetravel so how is it possible?According to classical physics this is a classical paradox and cannot occur in reality.Every event must have a cause,but if this is correct then how did the universe get created?Did it involve timetravel?Did it depend in the existance of a future event.It maywell have! Imagine that timetravel is already possible.A team of scientist create an infinite timewarp which takes them back to the very beginning of time.Travelling at the speed of light[with time stoped completly] it takes them no time at all to create matter and time.This therefore causes the big bang.This means future events already exist.There is no direct counterdiction.We can't prove that future events don't exist. If you say you are going to change the future by not commiting a crime and therefore not facing a trail then not commiting a crime is what you future was in the first place.You haven't changed the future! BILL AND TEDS' EXCELLENT ADVENTURES The film is about two teenagers who need to pass an important history exam.To help with this project a person from the future called Rufus takes them on trips through time.Ted decides to steal his dads jail keys, record his voice and set things up when he's got more time later.At the start all he knows is that his dads keys went missing so he plans to go back to a time when he did have them and steal them then.He relises that he had already in the future stolen the keys and that is the reason they went missing in the first place!He doesn't have to wait to get the keys he just knows where he'll leave them after later travelling back in time.This works in the film.According to the story line future events exist and timetravel can mean it having effects on the present and the past. DID YOU KNOW: *That time-travel to the future is possible using velocity(speed) or gravitation(as originally predicted by Einstein's special and general theories of relativity). *That Albert Einstein (considered the greatest scientist since Newton) theorised in relativity that time passes at different rates. *That in the 1980s physicists relised that there is no simple way to exclude time-travel to the past as a possibility. *That serious physicists such as Stephen Hawking (who previously thought backwards time-travel would always be impossible) changed his mind to believe it could happen! ALTERING THE COURSE OF HISTORY Find out why theoretical physicists think changing the past is impossible. Travelling back in time now becomes very confusing when you are twenty. The moment you are in the past you seem to have control over what you allow and don't allow to happen. You might be able to approach your younger self and tell him all the mistakes you will or have made. In an accident you might give your teenage self bad advise. You might cause a chain reaction of events that make youself get badly bullied. Suppose you advise yourself to just ignore it instead of asking for help and having it stopped. You look back on your childhood as if you know and remember everything about it. But of course if you are making changes this is no longer the same as your youth. The timeline has split and you are going up a different root in time. The point is you don't know what like for your younger self. The pain! Other pupils mocking him every day. This could lead him to his grave. At sixteen unable to take it any longer you might commit sucide. This means you are dead before you are able to go back in time! You don't get the chance to go back in time. You never go back and meet yourself and never give any advice good or bad. You do not affect history... The General Theory Of Relativity(by Albert Einstein) According to this theory moving fast is not the only factor that affects time. Gravity also slows down time. Gravity tells space-time how to curve. In strong gravitational fields time is dilated. The gravitational field of the earth puts a dent in space-time. Chronovisor Sources iframe{width: 1px;min-width: 100%; border:none}
  14. ASTRAL TIME-TRAVEL! People have also reported being able to travel astrally in time. This simply means they were able to move their astral body(another body you are believed to have almost constantly attached to your physical body) freely in space and also even time! This happened to Ed Morrel during an Out of the Body Experience as he left his body and travelled into the future when he saw the woman he was later to meet and marry. Method to induce an Out of the Body Experience. OBJECTIVE:Lossen your astral body (your spirit) from your physical body. To prepare for the O.B.E. attempt: *You should not eat anything for the previous three hours. *You should not eat heavy foods. *You should only eat light foods. 1, Relax both your whole body and mind and lie back in bed. Tense and relax each muscle in your body. 2, Take deep slow breaths through your nose. 3, Close your eyes and let go of any pressure. 4, Imagine vividly you are inside a lift moving upwards. 5, Picture your astral body is rising and tell yourself that you will wake up fully out of your body. 6, As you relax to the point you are falling asleep try to remain focused on the idea you are going up in a lift. Conclusion This method does seem to work on others and it should work for you. Although it does take a lot of work, vivid thinking and concentration it actually works. · Practice is very effective compared with other preparations. ------------------ Paul Curran
  15. M:\Picture\Untitled.GIF THE PARADOXESÖ If you went back in time and visited your granny during her ninth birthday donít kill her! Because if you put a gun to her head and pull the trigger she could not have given birth to your mum. YOU certainly were never bornÖ Therefore you could not have killed anyone as you never existed. Now this means your granny couldnít have been killed by you. She didnít die nine years old. This permits you to be born. If you were born could you go back and kill your granny? No, not your real granny. This general idea has been used in Back to the future. Marty nearly stops himself from being born when he prevents his parents from falling in love. Solving The Problem 1, You simply canít change history meaning if you go back in time you have no free will(as shown in Twelve Monkeys, Crime Traveler etc. Events will get in your way if you try to kill your granny. YOU CANíT DO IT. 2, When you so-called change history youíre actually moving up a different branch in time into another universe. The previous universe (where you were born) still exists. When you fire the gun youíre really killing another version of your grandmother. 3, Any actions you make in the so-called past has no affects on the present. Itís a different time-line universe. The laws true solutions donít present real time-travel as you go into another world. Conclusion We canít simply use the grandmother paradox to rule out time-travel claiming it causes logical inconsistencies. We need to look at all the possibilities. How could we build a time machine? The mathematics of general relativity suggest that under extreme conditions space-time might become so warped it would be possible to travel back in time. There is also the possibility of tunnels in time created by negative mass. Very long rotating cylinders of matter-proposed by Frank Tipler Kerrís spinning blackholes-since most stars spin this becomes worth looking (proposed by Roy Kerr). Cosmic strings-(as Richard Cott suggested) Travelling faster than light Ė would take us back in time(as suggested by solutions to relativity). Wormholes might allow us to outpace light (if you walk through the short cut quicker than light through convential (normal) space. Tachyons -are sub-atomic particles which always travel faster than light and therefore move back in time constantly. They have not yet been found and remain hypethical. Contracting Universe- Time might then be running backwards but since everything else also would itís unsuitable. Macro-wormholes(Kip Thorne showed how we could use it as a time machine). time - paradox Paradoxes Grandfather paradox Suppose you could go back in time, lets say several decades and found your grandfather when he was two years old. In his house you could grab a knife and stab him to death. He doesn't get the chance to have children with your grandmother. Therefore either your mother or father doesn't get born. Your parents can't give birth to you because one of them don't exist. You could never have been born and don't even exist. But could your grandfather have been killed by someone who doesn't exist? He must have lived through his childhood. This would allow you to exist if this is the case. Seemingly you can go back in time to commit the murder if you are born but then you would never have been born. And so on and so on. This situation is not consistent with itself. It doesn't make sense and can't possibly happen. Solutions 1, You simply can't change the past. Time will stop you limiting your freedom while you're in the past from your point of view. This puts the concept of freewill in serious danger especially if you tell people what's going to happen to them in their future. If you believe when you go back in time you are from one possible future from everyone else's point of view they can simply go up any root in time they want. According to quantum physics Many Worlds theory there are a huge amount of universes where every possibility occurs between them all. In some you're the opposite sex. In some you won the lottery etc. You might be heading towards the universe you originally came from before you travelled back in time. Everything will happen the way you remember it. But all the people you meet are free to decide what they want to do and enter a different universe. Since it's not possible for you to be there you disappear from their lives. Meeting a time traveller from your future could therefore be very strange. 2, A parallel universe might be created when you seem to change the past. Imagine if time itself was just like a tree. The different branches show different ways events could have happened. Every time we decide to do or not to do something time splits. Even if we are not aware we decided something it have affects. Quantum physics reveals a many worlds theory like this. Conclusion Since this parallel universe is not really your past (despite it's first appearance) anything you do there does not affect you. You can prevent a version of yourself from being born because you are not really related to anyone there. They just look very like your family and friends. You are not home! You may be somewhere that looks like the place you live but a different universe in quantum physics is a completely different reality. 3, No matter what you do in what is really a parallel universe you will do back to your previous universe which is not affected by your previous actions. A space-time wormhole could lead you back to your original unaffected universe. What came out of the wormhole if the ball never went into it? Another common example of a paradox is a ball that goes through a wormhole connected with a moment in the past. Therefore it comes out of the other space-time wormhole mouth actually before it went in! Then what might happen? If the ball then hits it's younger self out of the way of the mouth then it never goes in. But if the ball never did go in the wormhole then how can it ever come out. The existence of the older version of the ball is destroyed i.e. it never falls back in time. But then this version certainly can't hit the younger version out of the way. So it must go into the wormhole as a collision with it's older self is evidently the only force that could and did stop the ball from entering the wormhole. This of course is unexplainable and is logically inconsistent. But the situation could happen differently to allow it to become self consistent. 1, What if after the ball comes out of the wormhole at an earlier time it does hit it's previous self but this collision is what makes the ball fall into the mouth in the first place! It hits the other version into the mouth. This would imply that the past or present is affected by the future. In fact in this case the past is dependant on the future. 2, The ball might simply hit it's other self only slightly so the direction of the ball is not altered enough to cause a paradox. 3, The ball might just miss it's younger self. Nature might protect time and prevent paradoxes. From theories and many stories it's clear that paradoxes cannot happen in the real world. Other types of paradoxes In the terminator movies John had something important to tell Sarah. Thank her for her help through the hell. Tell her not to give up or he will never exist. Who wrote the speech? John certainly didn't write it. He was told it since he was a kid from Sarah who could remember it. Sarah just recalls what Kyle told her in 1984. Kyle just remembered what John told him to say. Conclusion No one wrote it. It exists somehow but not by John, Kyle or Sarah being creative. No one had to write it because it was created by the affect the future on the past had on each other. If I in 2000 study the history of work done in a private factory and learn about the development of a time machine! Their scientists worked from designs and plans noted in a book (never published)they used. They had no idea how to achieve such technology until they read it. Then to experiment with temporal(time) paradoxes I am sent back to 1983. The entire building has not even been built as I arrive. Later accidentally I meet one of the scientists and talk to him. When I hear how excited he is I hand him that book which he uses future success. The answers! He is more than willing to read and use the book. But who came up with the idea of how the time machine is built? Not any of the scientists as they just followed instructions in that book. Not me as all I did was hand a scientist a book. Noone actually wrote the book and no one had to work it out. Is this allowed by physical laws? Noone really knows...
  16. My life... On the thirty first of October 1983 I was born. FROM a very young age I liked things about time-travel. I played with my toys thinking about it... I seen a lot of popular films about time-travel e.g.Back to the future when I was very young. I enjoyed watching television series like The Girl FROM Tommorrow, TimeCop and Crime Traveller! Over the years my interest in time-travel became stronger since primary school. It never became boring. The theories about time-machines were amazing. I liked learning about the theoretical physics of time-travel! The time dilation of relativity effect still amazes me. Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventures was fun to watch. Time was well thought out. In 1997 I got hooked up to the internet. Then I started looking for info on my favourite shows and time-travel. I love the idea of moving backwards in time... Now I'm a teenager and I really wish I could make even just one trip through time especially to 1983! I hope and think that it's possible in physics? It would be so COOL to see my younger self! It is what I have wanted to do all my life! Is there anyone else out there who feels like I do? ------------------ Paul Curran
  17. How to build a device for travelling back and forth in time... Building a time machine is only a matter of finding a wormhole and separating the positions of the mouths so that there are in different places and times. 1, Somehow find a wormhole. John Wheeler said tiny wormholes exist everywhere. A spining star could produce a spining blackhole containing a wormhole. This is probably the most difficult task.The wormhole can be very small to begin with i.e. with mouths very close to each other. 2, Where one of the mouths is slow down time. Time can be slowed down by velocity or gravitation. Take this mouth on a trip moving at a high speed. 3,Leave the other wormhole mouth alone. Make sure it's not in a region of intense gravity or in much motion. 4,After a ten year long wait on earth maybe two years have passed for the moving mouth since time is relative. 5,Bring the other mouth back here. Conclusion The wormhole is now a time machine. FROM now ten years after you started you can go back to your starting time. Imagine if you started task 2 in 2002, people then could jump forward to 2012. FROM 2012 you could go backwards to 2002. There are many other ways a time machine could be build. For example rapidly moving cylinders of matter or tachyons... 1, Kurk Godel claimed that time-travel was possible throughtout our universe(Godel universe). His idea is based on assuming our universe is spinning(which we almost know is wrong). Curved space-time meets up with itself and therefore four dimentional space-time is a sphere. By travelling away a great enough distance and by coming back we could reach any point in space-time. 2, Roy Kerr's work on black holes lead to a theoretical time machine. Roy noticed a black hole was likely to be spining. A spining black hole might contain a wormhole that is linked to another point in space-time. 3, Considering the possibility that a black hole might lead to a white hole, this portal might make it possible for us to reach another point in time and space. 4, Frank Tipler discovered another time-travel solution to Einstein's general theory of relativity. Using an infinitely long very rapidly rotating cylinder space-time could become so warped we might be able to travel to the past or future. But we would have to work out a way to make the cylinder infinite in lenght. 5, A macroscopic wormhole might be pulled out of quantum foam with already existing microscopic wormholes. This portal in time and space if the mouths are large enough might take someone to the past or future. Macroscopic wormholes might also have been formed in the big bang and the regions of black holes. 6, Richard Cott worked out that cosmic stings could make time-travel a reality. Their rare gravitational properties greatly distort time and space. They might have formed in the early universe. 7, Tachyons-sub-atomic particles that constantly exceed light speed and therefore are always going back in time! If discovered, if they even really exist might provide means of contacting the past! ASTRAL TIME-TRAVEL! People have also reported being able to travel astrally in time. This simply means they were able to move their astral body(another body you are believed to have almost constantly attached to your physical body) freely in space and also even time! This happened to Ed Morrel during an Out of the Body Experience as he left his body and travelled INTO the future when he saw the woman he was later to meet and marry. Method to induce an Out of the Body Experience. OBJECTIVE:Lossen your astral body (your spirit) FROM your physical body. To prepare for the O.B.E. attempt: *You should not eat anything for the previous three hours. *You should not eat heavy foods. *You should only eat light foods. 1, Relax both your whole body and mind and lie back in bed. Tense and relax each muscle in your body. 2, Take deep slow breaths through your nose. 3, Close your eyes and let go of any pressure. 4, Imagine vividly you are inside a lift moving upwards. 5, Picture your astral body is rising and tell yourself that you will wake up fully out of your body. 6, As you relax to the point you are falling asleep try to remain focused on the idea you are going up in a lift. Conclusion This method does seem to work on others and it should work for you. Although it does take a lot of work, vivid thinking and concentration it actually works. · Practice is very effective compared with other preparations. ------------------ Paul Curran
  18. ASTRAL TIME-TRAVEL This is your soul moving freely in time out of your physical body... To leave the physical body *Lie back on bed in a comfortable position, gently close your eyes are relax. *Letting go of any pain take slow, deep comfortable breaths through the nose. *Without worrying avoid thinking about anything. 1, Imagine your in a lift moving upwards. 2, Vividly feel the upwards motion. 3, Get very relaxed and feel like going to sleep but keep focused on the image of moving up. 4, Tell yourself you will wake up fully out of the body. 5, Imagine you are rising up from your body and drift of to sleep. To astrally move in time! *Focus very vividly on the time(what's happening then)which you want to move your astral body i.e.soul to. IT'S SAID TO WORK ALTHOUGH I CAN'T RECALL MY SUCCESS YET BUT A LOT OF CONCENTRATION AND REPEATS IS NEEDED. People such as Ed Morrel reported being able to travel in time while although his body! Since nothing physical moves in time it's hard to prove.
  19. ASTRAL TIME-TRAVEL This is your soul moving freely in time out of your physical body... To leave the physical body *Lie back on bed in a comfortable position, gently close your eyes are relax. *Letting go of any pain take slow, deep comfortable breaths through the nose. *Without worrying avoid thinking about anything. 1, Imagine your in a lift moving upwards. 2, Vividly feel the upwards motion. 3, Get very relaxed and feel like going to sleep but keep focused on the image of moving up. 4, Tell yourself you will wake up fully out of the body. 5, Imagine you are rising up from your body and drift of to sleep. To astrally move in time! *Focus very vividly on the time(what's happening then)which you want to move your astral body i.e.soul to. IT'S SAID TO WORK ALTHOUGH I CAN'T RECALL MY SUCCESS YET BUT A LOT OF CONCENTRATION AND REPEATS IS NEEDED. People such as Ed Morrel reported being able to travel in time while although his body! Since nothing physical moves in time it's hard to prove.
  20. I just thought I'd say if I could travel back in time it would be so COOL! Imagine meeting your younger self! The film THE TIME MACHINE is pretty exciting. I enjoyed watching the time traveller reach 802,701 A.D. TimeCop deals with serious changes to the past which start your mind wondering... TimeÖ(a very strange thing) Of course we all move forward in time every second of our lives. Newton thought time was absolute i.e. that it passed at the same rate regardless of anything. This simple common sense idea was believed for centuriesÖ Until in 1905 Albert Einstein came to the conclusion that time must be relative. The speed of light 186,000 miles per second doesnít change if you are moving relative to it. No matter how fast or slow you are already moving youíill always measure a beam of light as 186, 000 mps. Since light speed is actually absolute space and time must be relative. Time can be slowed down by increasing the velocity. This means if you take a trip traveling very fast for a year you could return and find a century might have passed for everyone else. Less time would have passed from your point of view. This is the time dilation effect predicted by Einsteinís special theory of relativity. In 1971 atomic clocks proved Einstein had been right about time slowing down. As you move faster in space you move slower in time. If you could travel at light speed time would stop and faster than light would take you back in timeÖ TIME-TRAVEL to the future Once you arrive in the future itís either impossible or very difficult to get back to the past. General Relativity *Gravity also slows down time. *Gravity itself is actually a warp in space-time. When anything falls it falls because space-time is curved. TIME-TRAVEL TO THE PAST! It seems like no one really knows if itís possible or not. The laws of quantum gravity (which may answer the big question) are barely understood. Physicist Kip Thorne described how he might be able to make a time machine out of a macroscopic wormhole. If someone could go physically back in time he/she could become involved in the making or remaking of history. Changes in the past could trigger a chain reaction of events preventing you from ever being born. THE PARADOXESÖ If you went back in time and visited your granny during her ninth birthday donít kill her! Because if you put a gun to her head and pull the trigger she could not have given birth to your mum. YOU certainly were never bornÖ Therefore you could not have killed anyone as you never existed. Now this means your granny couldnít have been killed by you. She didnít die nine years old. This permits you to be born. If you were born could you go back and kill your granny? No, not your real granny. This general idea has been used in Back to the future. Marty nearly stops himself from being born when he prevents his parents from falling in love. Solving The Problem 1, You simply canít change history meaning if you go back in time you have no free will(as shown in Twelve Monkeys, Crime Traveller etc. Events will get in your way if you try to kill your granny. YOU CANíT DO IT. 2, When you so-called change history youíre actually moving up a different branch in time into another universe. The previous universe (where you were born) still exists. When you fire the the gun youíre really killing another version of your grandmother. 3, Any actions you make in the so-called past has no affects on the present. Itís a different time-line universe. The laws true solutions donít present real time-travel as you go into another world. Conclusion We canít simply use the grandmother paradox to rull out time-travel claiming it causes logical inconsistances. We need to look at all the possibilities. How could we build a time machine? The mathematics of general relativity suggest that under extreme conditions space-time might become so warped it would be possible to travel back in time. There is also the possibility of tunnels in time created by negative mass. Very long rotating cylinders of matter-proposed by Frank Tipler Kerrís spinning blackholes-since most stars spin this becomes worth looking (proposed by Roy Kerr). Cosmic strings-(as Richard Cott suggested) Travelling faster than light Ė would take us back in time(as suggested by solutions to relativity). Wormholes might allow us to outpace light (if you walk through the short cut quicker than light throughconvential (normal) space. Tachyons-are sub-atomic particles which always travel faster than light and therefore move back in time constantly. They have not yet been found and remain hypethical. Contracting Universe- Time might then be running backwards but since everything else also would itís unsuitable. Macro-wormholes(Kip Thorne showed how we could use it as a time machine). Reviewing Crime Traveller Crime Traveller was first broadcast on BBC one in march first 1997. The story begins when we see a quantum physicist named Holly Turner use her time machine. In the first episode she reveals the time machineís existence to Jeff Slade, a detective. Jeff manages to get Holly to use the time machine to solve murders in several episodes. From the very start Holly tells Jeff that they canít change the past. Time has to protect history. In the third and sixth episode Jeff is endangered when trying to change the past. Stephen Hawkingís chronology protection hypothesis is mentioned. When they go back in time a parallel universe is created. Anything physical that happens to them, such as been injured, is erased when they arrive back to their own time zone. Jeff was shot while time travelling and when he went back to his own universe it hadnít happened to him, the wound had healed. Photos and lottery tickets also back when you get back to the machine. This happens because they didnít take them photos or buy the ticket in the time zone they are now in. If they are not back at the machine at the same point in time they left they will be trapped in the loop of infinity. This wil mean living the same time they travelled across again forever. Holly told Jeff it happened to her father. In the seventh episode Jeff thinks he can cheat the laws of time to win the lottery. He knows the slip will blank when he arrives back in the present. He plans to go back in time tell Holly the winning numbers and she can buy the winning ticket. Jeff doesnít buy the ticket so it canít fade away. Holly doesnít think it will work but eventually agrees to treat it as an experiment. The machine sends Jeff back twelve hours and fifty eight minutes. Holly has already left for work by then. Jeff goes to the police department where she works. When Jeff is leaving a message for Holly he is urgently needed on a case. His boss cancels the training course his other self is on. He phones her office when she isnít in it. He tries to send her a fax but her fax machine has run out of paper. When he realises he wonít be able to contact Holly he asks Nicky to buy the winning ticket for him. Jeff wrote the numbers on a piece of paper and gave it to Nicky. Accidentally he reads the numbers upside down. He misreads six and twelve as nine and twenty one. He only got four numbers. Instead of winning six or seven million pounds Jeff ends up winning only a hundred and eighty six pounds. In the last episode of the series Holly finds out that sheís not the only person with a time machine. Steven Marlow paid a company to build a time machine and when they finished it he killed them. He used time travel to give himself a perfect alibi. Jeff finds out and breaks into Web bio tech building. Using a different time machine he time travels and searches for Holly. Steven tries to kill her but Jeff manages to save her life. When Stevenís time machine breaks down he ends up trapped in a loop of infinity. Michael French played Jeff Slade in Crime Traveller. He previously was David Wicks in Eastenders but didnít plan to return. Not he is in Holby City
  21. For a piece of G.C.S.E. english coursework I wrote about the television SHOW Crime Traveller! Crime Traveller showed me about the theoretical science behind time-travel to the past... Reviewing Crime Traveller Crime Traveller was first broadcast on BBC one in march first 1997. The story begins when we see a quantum physicist named Holly Turner use her time machine. In the first episode she reveals the time machine's existence to Jeff Slade, a detective. Jeff manages to get Holly to use the time machine to solve murders in several episodes. FROM the very start Holly tells Jeff that they can't change the past. Time has to protect history. In the third and sixth episode Jeff is endangered when trying to change the past. Stephen Hawking's chronology protection hypothesis is mentioned. When they go back in time a parallel universe is created. Anything physical that happens to them, such as been injured, is erased when they arrive back to their own time zone. Jeff was shot while time travelling and when he went back to his own universe it hadn't happened to him, the wound had healed. Photos and lottery tickets also back when you get back to the machine. This happens because they didn't take them photos or buy the ticket in the time zone they are now in. If they are not back at the machine at the same point in time they left they will be trapped in the loop of infinity. This wil mean living the same time they travelled across again forever. Holly told Jeff it happened to her father. In the seventh episode Jeff thinks he can cheat the laws of time to win the lottery. He knows the slip will blank when he arrives back in the present. He plans to go back in time tell Holly the winning numbers and she can buy the winning ticket. Jeff doesn't buy the ticket so it can't fade away. Holly doesn't think it will work but eventually agrees to treat it as an experiment. The machine sends Jeff back twelve hours and fifty eight minutes. Holly has already left for work by then. Jeff goes to the police department where she works. When Jeff is leaving a message for Holly he is urgently needed on a case. His boss cancels the training course his other self is on. He phones her office when she isn't in it. He tries to send her a fax but her fax machine has run out of paper. When he realises he won't be able to contact Holly he asks Nicky to buy the winning ticket for him. Jeff wrote the numbers on a piece of paper and gave it to Nicky. Accidentally he reads the numbers upside down. He misreads six and twelve as nine and twenty one. He only got four numbers. Instead of winning six or seven million pounds Jeff ends up winning only a hundred and eighty six pounds. In the last episode of the series Holly finds out that she's not the only person with a time machine. Steven Marlow paid a company to build a time machine and when they finished it he killed them. He used time travel to give himself a perfect alibi. Jeff finds out and breaks INTO Web bio tech building. Using a different time machine he time travels and searches for Holly. Steven tries to kill her but Jeff manages to save her life. When Steven's time machine breaks down he ends up trapped in a loop of infinity. Michael French played Jeff Slade in Crime Traveller. He previously was David Wicks in Eastenders but didn't plan to return. Not he is in Holby City.
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