  # TimeMaster 1a

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2. ST-IC (Guest): I have a few questions if you don't mind. Atoms may be bonded by ionic bonding or covalent bonding. Which of these do you plan to manipulation? Why do you think doing so has any thing to do with time?
3. RE: HELP! Why can't you go past the speed of Light? The limiting factor in traveling at the speed of light is not relativity as some people would have you belive. The limiting factor is the inability of current rocket technology to produce the needed exhaust velocity. Once a rocket reaches the exhaust velocity of the gases the rocket engien can no longer exert the force needed to increase the velocity of the total system. What is needed is a system that exert a force on the rocket without regard for the velocity of the rocket. If this force is applied for a sufficient amount of time the rocket will achieve light speed. We can determine the time needed to reach light speed for any force with the equation ( Ft = MVf - MVi ). F = force applied (in newtons) t = time force must be applied (in second) M = mass of total system (in kilogram) Vf = final velocity (in meter/second) Vi = initial velocity (in meter/second) By solving the equation for t = ((MVf - MVi)/F)) the time needed to achieve light speed for any force applied can be found. Example: The mass of an automobile is 1800 kg. Its Vf is 15.0 m/sec. Its Vi is 0 m/sec. F is 1350 nt How long must the force of 1350 nt act on the automobile to give it the velocity of Vf. SOLUTION: using t = ((MVf - MVi)/F)) t = ((1800 kg X 15.0 m/sec) - (1800 kg X 0 m/sec))/1350 nt t = 20.0 seconds Note: mass = weight/accelaration due to gravitational attraction. mass is (in kilogram). weight is (in newtons). g is (in meter/second) 9.80 m/sec
4. Chris Ames : You find this interesting. Bose-Einstein condensate, a gas of atoms that has been so chilled that their motion is virtually halted and as a consequence they lose their separate identities and merge into a single entity. The condensate was predicted by Albert Einstein in 1924 based on the system of quantum statistics formulated by the Indian mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose. Quantum theory asserts that atoms and other elementary particles can be thought of as waves. Einstein proposed that as atoms approach absolute zero (âˆ’273.15°C), the waves expand in inverse proportion to their momentum until they fall into the same quantum state and finally overlap, essentially behaving like a single atom. The phenomenon could not be observed, however, until techniques were developed to reduce temperatures to within 20 billionths of a degree above absolute zero. In 1995 Eric A. Cornell and Carl E. Wieman led a team that isolated a rubidium Bose-Einstein condensate under laboratory conditions. It is believed that this state of matter could never have existed naturally anywhere in the universe, since the low temperatures required for its existence cannot be found, even in outer space. The condensate may be useful in the study of superconductivity (the ability of some materials to conduct electrical current without any resistance) and superfluidity (the ability of some materials to flow without resistance) and in refining measurements of time and distance.
5. RE: HELP! Why can't you go past the speed of Light? Dennis Kim: An interesting ideal. However, I think we should take a closer look at this ideal. First we should remember that if two objects or movimg with the same speed then they are said to be at rest relative to each other. Therefore if light and the universe were moving at the speed of 'c', then light would not be able to move from point A to point B within the universe. However, we know that light does move from point A to point B. We must conclude that the universe does not move at the speed of 'c'.