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Conceptual physics behind the development of time travel


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Time Is:

 

I find that conceptually, no one really gives a straight answer as to what time is. Most of the answers given are vague and ambiguous at best, This does not help us in our understanding.

 

As we are discussing Time-Travel in this regard, it helps to know what we are dealing with.

 

The description time-travel actually is not an accurate representation, so while keeping with the term used, let's look at defining conditions.

 

Time ts: Entropy, is decay. Time is the Laws of Thermodynamics in action,

 

In “bypassing” Time, where time-travel is concerned, we would be in a different environment altogether; The laws of thermodynamics would be different. By necessity If we were to time-travel it means that while the laws would act differently within that environment, our machines could still work effectively (or more effectively) within that new environment. Most of our Laws will still operate in that “environment, but not be inherent to it. When we look at the idea of a new environment, are we conceptually dealing with a different dimensional outlook. Yes, but more than that, a veil, might be a more accurate description. Some of you will know that an electrical generator does not generate anything. The spin is drawing a form of electricity from behind that conceptual veil. The environment of this “generation” is also the environment of bypassing time, as instead of being a reflection of entropy, it reflects re-generation.

 

Therefore, “Time” is not what we are discussing at all, when we speak of “Time Travel”.

 

Clarification has been something I have looked to everyone from Philosophers, Physicists, Electrical Engineers, The Spiritual Leaders, and personal encounters/experience to gain an understanding of.

 

The above is a result of the looking for this clarification.

 

 

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Time Is:

 

Time ts: Entropy, is decay. Time is the Laws of Thermodynamics in action,

 

In “bypassing” Time, where time-travel is concerned, we would be in a different environment altogether; The laws of thermodynamics would be different. By necessity If we were to time-travel it means that while the laws would act differently within that environment, our machines could still work effectively (or more effectively) within that new environment. Most of our Laws will still operate in that “environment, but not be inherent to it. When we look at the idea of a new environment, are we conceptually dealing with a different dimensional outlook. Yes, but more than that, a veil, might be a more accurate description. Some of you will know that an electrical generator does not generate anything. The spin is drawing a form of electricity from behind that conceptual veil. The environment of this “generation” is also the environment of bypassing time, as instead of being a reflection of entropy, it reflects re-generation.

The hypothesis is Time or Space-time is a some sort of relationship between space and energy specifically the lack of energy " particle decay and vacuum decay" in liquid type form.

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superfluid_vacuum_theory

 

Still researching the idea, Link: https://arxiv.org/abs/0912.5503,

 

PDF

 

Comments on the vacuum energy decay arXiv:1004.4867v4 - arXiv.org

 

More:

 

On vacuum-energy decay from particle production PDF

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Particle_decay

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/False_vacuum

 

 

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Here 3 fundamental questions

 

1- What is Time?

 

2-What is time density?

 

3-How to measure time and time density?

 

Looks like we are all sitting in WARP machine, past where too many oscillations create trust

 

to future where very quit like on cemetery.

 

How we can increase speed moving toward future?

 

Very simple need (singularity) all processes unite under one leader oscillator.

 

To whom did not saw movie BACK TO THE FUTURE, where Cosmo play

 

role of crazy inventor who invent Time Machine.It is from movie

 

2 Gigawatt of electricity needed to drive a time machine.

 

 

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Here 3 fundamental questions

 

1- What is Time?

 

2-What is time density?

 

3-How to measure time and time density?

I'm here to learn and study those fundamental questions.

 

How to measure time and time density? I saw an equation around here looking for time traveler math. I'll look for it again - over 1800 posts might take a while.

 

What is time density? I guess that is the force of time or flow of time - don't know.

 

What is time? 

 

According to:

 

AnotherWorldlyDevice

 

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Posted Wednesday at 09:05 AM · Report post

 

Time Is:

 

I find that conceptually, no one really gives a straight answer as to what time is. Most of the answers given are vague and ambiguous at best, This does not help us in our understanding.

 

As we are discussing Time-Travel in this regard, it helps to know what we are dealing with.

 

The description time-travel actually is not an accurate representation, so while keeping with the term used, let's look at defining conditions.

 

Time ts: Entropy, is decay. Time is the Laws of Thermodynamics in action.

 

 

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By mine point of view Time have 2 components:

 

1-creative 2- destructive

 

Time by itself is sort of energy that helps to create Future deltaE.

 

For example a person draw a picture in 5,000 years ago.

 

He spend energy to find tools, to draw.

 

Picture will available for everyone who want to see it.

 

Planet by itself has to fly distance path.

 

DeltaE=E1-E2

 

 

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What I will be discussing here will be very specific. It is what Physicists are doing in their own labs.

 

I will be discussing Rotating, charged Kerr Black Holes.

 

The access of local gravity without the need for a singularity.

 

You will likely not find me straying from this focus in this particular post.

 

Be patient, it is time travel after all-even if I have limited time available.

 

 

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This will become very complicated as I progress. That written, I will give some background and basic information on the concepts involved as I go on.

 

Here is an initial overview:

 

What we will be looking at here is Kerr Black Hole GravitoHydromagnetics.

 

Physicists now have the foundation and practical knowledge of how to create with available materials, the analog of an event horizon of a rotating black hole.

 

In addition, they also know how to create the Horizon Boundary condition needed with the associated frame dragging effects associated with the no hair theorem.

 

The connection from the event horizon to the back hole is well known as well.

 

Manufacture of the equivalent of the black hole is also known and able to be done using local gravity.

 

We will be going through the theory and methodology step by step.

 

This will likely lead you into areas of thinking which will begin to allow you to connect the dots to areas you have never considered. We will go over some of this as well.

 

 

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Alfven waves constitute the missing intermediate step concerning the gravitational field in the dynamo dynamics (of a rotating black hole).

 

It was Oliver Heaviside that worked out the mathematics for this wave. It was observed early in the research on radio wave propagation and especially early radar research that the only way a radio wave would be able to bounce off the ionosphere would be if something within the ionosphere were traveling faster than light.

 

Phase conjugate mirrors and reflection of waves. Whenever a wave travels from a medium where it's speed is slow into a medium where it's speed is fast, the beam bends back up, back toward the interface. At a certain critical angle of incidence, the slow into fast wave is bent parallel to the interface

 

and does not penetrate the second medium at all.

 

For all incident angles greater than the critical angle, the beam is totally reflected. e

 

if However, radio waves in air are already traveling at the Einstein limit.

 

Thus the total reflection of radio waves off these plasma layers is only possible if waves in the ionosphere travel faster than light. This superluminal velocity of radio waves in the ionosphere was also confirmed by theoretical physicists.

 

Using Maxwell's equations which govern all electromagnetic phenomena, it is possible to calculate the velocity of electromagnetic waves in an ionized gas.

 

Below a certain frequency-called the “Plasma Frequency” -the gas completely absorbs all waves. For low frequency waves, the plasma looks black. Just above the plasma frequency, the wave velocity is infinite, but rapidly decreases with frequency, approaching the speed of light at very high frequencies.

 

At all frequencies for which wave propagation is possible, the speed of radio waves in plasma is

 

always faster than the speed of light-that is higher than the speed of light in a vacuum.

 

Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism shows that inside an ionized gas, not only can electromagnetic waves go faster than light, it is actually impossible for them to go slower than light.

 

Inside a plasma light itself (radio waves construed as low-frequency light) travels faster than light.

 

Credit to the book Faster than Light.

 

MagnetoSonic wave; Alfven wave. An ion sound wave.

 

An Alfven wave is a superposition of oscillatory waves. Often called “Shear Alfven waves.

 

A magnetosonic wave (also called a magnetoacoustic wave) is a longitudinmal wave of ions (and electrons) in a magnetized plasma propagating perpendicular to the stationary magnetic field

 

The wave is dispersionless with a phase velocity. In the limit of low magnetic field, the wave turns into an ordinary ion acoustic wave. In the limit of low temperature the wave becomes a modified Alfven wave. Because the phase Magnetosonic wave velocity of the magnetosonic mode is almost always larger than the lower limit magnetic field, the magnetosonic wave is often called the “fast” hydrwaveomagnetic wave.

 

Why these waves are important to this discussion; Angular momentum transport occurs by Alfven waves. Frame Dragging is induced by Angular Momentum.

 

 

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My last post was chopped up at one point by my Open Office Writer program, so I am adding the incomplete content here,

 

For all incident angles greater than the critical angle, the beam is totally reflected. For these angles, the interface acts like a perfect mirror. The fact that the ionosphere totally reflects radio waves implies that radio waves travel faster in the ionosphere than in air, however, radio waves in air are already traveling at the Einstein limit.

 

 

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  • 4 weeks later...

A final note on Alfven waves. We will discuss these again at a later time, where we will also look at how to generate these waves in a real environment such as a lab.

 

Again, why these waves are important to the subject of time, relates to manipulation of gravity.

 

Angular momentum is how you will be manipulating gravity into condensed forms.

 

An introduction to Alfven Waves Rodney cross.

 

The elementary properties of Alfven waves can be true in the right circumstances, and equally untrue in other circumstances, This wave is Transverse magnetic, Left hand polarized, coupled to the compressional wave in an inhomogeneous plasma.

 

Refracted by a density gradient.

 

Has a continuous spectrum and does not satisfy a dispursion relation so it cannot exist as a wave.

 

Are a shear, or tortional wave.

 

Again, these statements are sometimes true and correct given the right set of conditions, but it is equally possible to find conditions where none of these statements is correct.

 

The Alfven wave has an electrostatic polarization and can propagate field aligned currents. In comparison, A simple fast wave, has no electrostatic polarization and cannot propagate field aligned currents. With an Alfven wave, nothing is waving.

 

 

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Frame Dragging is induced by Angular Momentum.

 

Specific angular momentum (angular momentum per a unit mass) represents a rate of change of surface area per a unit of time.

 

Curvature spin-coupling produces a force whereby test particles with spin follow non-geodesic trajectories.

 

Gravity as Curvature:

 

We can think of gravity as curvature of space.

 

This curvature is, however, in both space and time. Because we move relatively slowly on our planet, the gravity we commonly experience on planet Earth is more curvature in the time dimension than in the space dimension.

 

David Lewis Anderson “If you bend space-time, gravity occurs”. “curved space-time in action” is gravity. “Special Relativity describes gravity” but Black Hole physics requires a Quantum Gravity.

 

Spin aligned trajectories-

 

Spinning bodies therefore couple to spinning bodies. This defines a mechanism for accelerating baryon-poor ejecta to ultrarelativistic velocities provided angular velocity is large.

 

Frame dragging alone does not describe the black hole mechanism. Helical motion as seen in Four dimensions space-time where charged particles in strong magnetic fields confined to individual magnetic flux surfaces in radiative Landau states in the form of orbital angular momentum.

 

Open flux tubes along the spin axis of the black hole geometrically representing the rate of change of surface area.

 

Linearized Gravitational Radiation.

 

Gravitational wave emissions are predominantly due to low multiple mass moments. The quadripole radiation formula according to the Linearized theory of General Relativity.

 

Where the function of the ellipticity of a binary with orbital frequency and chirp mass.

 

The Quadripole moment is due to a mass inhomogeoneity in the torus.

 

A quadripole moment appears spontaneously due to non-axisymmetric waves such as Hydrodynamical or MagnetoHydrodynamical instability.

 

Angular momentu transport occurs by Alfven waves emitted from the surface of the torus, carrying positive angular momentum waves off the outer surface to infinity, and negative angular momentum of the inner face into the black hole.

 

On balance of the competing torques between the two faces-Outer: sub-keplerian, and Inner: Super-Keplerian.

 

Fred Alan Wolf, from Parallel Universes:

 

“How does matter distort space and time?

 

Through the presence of Gravity.

 

Gravity is the presence of matter-is the distortion of spacetime. They are one and the same thing according to Einstein. Just a small wrinkle in time produces a whopping gravitational force.”

 

 

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Plasma Frequency.

 

Plasmas have a number of natural modes of oscillation.

 

The most fundamental perhaps is the electron plasma oscillations.

 

The ions can also oscillate at their own natural frequency as, for example. In standing acoustic waves.

 

This frequency is called the Ion Plasma Frequency.

 

Methods of ionization:

 

Electron Impact Ionization.

 

Photo Ionization.

 

Field Ionization.

 

Surface Ionization.

 

(Field ionization from sharp points at which very intense electric fields are created)

 

Applications of Plasmas created by Nano-Second Laser Pulses:

 

Concerning applications of Laser produced plasmas, we can just distinguish between two forms.

 

Those which exploit: 1. the Hydrodynamics induced by strong shock waves associated to the ablative pressure-

 

And: 2. those exploiting the radiation emitted by the plasma.

 

Laser generated intense pressure, multi-magabar ablative pressures are employed for studying the properties of dense compressed matter, and for driving inertial confinement fusion implosions.

 

Radiation Hydrodynamics experiments and scaled-down simulations of astrophysical phenomena.

 

CPA Lasers.

 

Chirped Pulse Lasers-

 

Addresses GeV energy scales and Femtosecond scales.

 

Chirped Pulse Lasers are also referred to as “Relativistic Lasers”.

 

Relativistic Laser Plasmas.

 

The advent of CPA Lasers has opened the rapidly growing field of Relativistic Plasma Physics.

 

Relativistic electrons generated emit an intense flux of X-Rays and Gamma Rays, (and so protection from this environment generated becomes paramount). Also important to note is that Satellites used to monitor the Treaty on the ban of above ground nuclear tests will “see” this Non-Thermal Gamma Ray Burst.

 

The form of Plasma we will be discussing here will always be Light Ion plasmas, so the proper choice in gas or combination of gases becomes important. What we will be looking for cannot be done with Heavy Ion Gases, only the light forms.

 

Reissner-Nordstrom Black Hole: A spherically symmetric with Time-Like singularities (Infinite universes each with their own singularity), repeating forever in both past and future time directions like a strip of paper dolls cut out of folded paper. To construct a R-N black hole, you need a lot of matter, highly charged with a single electric polarity (either very positive or very negative). Intense electric fields created by these isolated charges would ionize any matter present into like charge.

 

Solutions due to repulsive electrostatic force opposing gravitational contraction “Holds Open The Door” to other universes.

 

Like the electrostatic force in a R-N black hole, centrifugal force associated with a rotating body acts fo oppose gravitational collapse.

 

Closed Time-Like Loops (curves) / Closed Temporal loops/(CTL’s).

 

Frank Tipler has shown that one cannot form a CTL without also producing a singularity somewhere.

 

In the real world there might well be unusual initial conditions that lead in a natural way to the formation of CTL’s in space-time.

 

Space-Time;

 

According to Minkowski, Special Relativity functions as a kind of Law of Perspective in four dimensions. Relative motion between two observers is equivalent to a rotation in four dimensional.

 

Roy Kerr solved Einstein’s equations for a rapidly rotating mass.

 

The Kerr Black Hole singularity is not a point, but takes the form of a ring encircling the axis of rotation. Because of the singularities ring shape, it is possible to travel to the exact center of the Kerr hole without encountering a region of infinite curvature.

 

This gives rise to another peculiar effect, the negative space-time region: when passing through the hole’s center, either distance becomes negative or gravity becomes negative (repulsive) negative space-time.

 

Once entering the ring, you go back in time. The only way to get out, is to exit into a different

 

universe from the one you left. This exit universe may, or may not be the same as the entrance universe.

 

Ezra Newman extended the Kerr solution where the rotating mass is also charged. This brings forth one addition: A Kerr-Newman Black Hole offers the opportunity for time travel without the necessity of diving through the ring singularity into negative space-time: Time travel is possible without

 

leaving ordinary space-time. Highly charged, rapidly rotating massive gravity is, of course, ordinary. Characterised by the values of just two parameters: The holes mass, and it’s angular momentum.

 

 

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Plasma related Black Hole physics.

 

In general, inflowing plasma does not fall directly onto the black hole, but instead, because it has angular momentum, orbits the black hole.

 

The orbiting plasma forms a disc, called the accretion disc.

 

The accretion disc rotates around the nearly empty funnel region.

 

Above the disc is a tenuous hot magnetized corona, and between the corona and the funnel is a region with ejection of mildly relativistic plasma.

 

Plasma is subject to frictional forces that redistribute angular momentum and allow the plasma to flow inward. Magnetic fields in accretion disc’s are amplified by a powerful instability known as the Magnetorotational instability. Such magnetic fields provide the necessary viscous angular momentum transport in most accretion discs.

 

 

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  • 2 weeks later...

Gamma Ray Burst Processes.

 

Two principle processes responsible for Gamma Ray Bursts (GRB):

 

Quark Gluon Plasma formation and Photonic Acceleration processes due to Mode conversion of an Alfven Wave with Relativistic Lasers.

 

In both Quark Gluon plasma and Electron-Photon Plasma the high magnetic fields and Lorentz factors of the injected particles can induce Mode-Conversion of Alfven Waves to an Electomagnetic wave (EM). The EM waves (plasmon) create very large pondermotive forces that accelerate electrons to ultra relativistic energies in an optically-thick fireball.

 

This mechanism decouples electrons and gamma rays. These accelerated electrons provide a hard energy spectrum of photons in the early stage of a gamma ray burst.

 

 

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Explanation as to why these processes could be detected from military satellites.

 

Cosmological Flashes from Rotating Black Holes:

 

(Quoting Maurice H.P.M. Van Putten)

 

Gamma Ray Bursts (GRB’s) were discovered serendipitously as “flashes in the sky” by the nuclear test ban monitoring satellites VELA (U.S.) and KONUS (USSR).

 

Lasting up to tens of seconds in non-thermal gamma ray radiation, gradually triggered a huge interest. The Burst and Transient Source experiment (BATSE) on NASA’s Compton Gamma Ray Observatory launched in 1991.

 

More recently, the Italian-Dutch satellite Beppo Sax discovered X-Ray flashes related to the Bursts, launched in 1996.

 

These Non-thermal emissions are best accounted for by internal shocks in ultra-relativistic outflows from Black Hole formation occuring about once per a minute.

 

A Kerr black hole is the leading candidate as the inner engine of these GRB’s, at least for the long durations. Optical emissions are also associated with these events.

 

The decay of shocks in ultra-relativistic, Baryon poor outflows (of the fireball model-Rees and Meszaros 1992, 1994).

 

 

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Gravitational Waves associated with Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) emissions.

 

These arise from a variety of mechanisms associated with rapidly rotating fluids.

 

In particular, emissions will be produced by Bar Mode instabilities producing fragmentation of orbiting matter prior to the formation of a compact object, non asymmetries in the accretion disk, as well as after the formation of a rapidly spinning black hole.

 

The first mechanism may produce an initial “splash” of gravitational radiation, the second, a bi-modal spectrum containing high-frequency emissions produced by non-asymmetric perturbations of the black hole and low frequency emissions from the disk, whereas the latter created a long duration burst of low-frequency gravitational radiation.

 

The kerr metric describes an exact solution of a black hole space-time with non-zero angular momentum. It demonstrates the remarkable property of Frame Dragging: the angular velocity of otherwise zero-angular momentum observers in space-time outside the black hole.

 

Frame Dragging assumes a maximal and constant angular velocity on the event horizon of the black hole and decays with the cube of the distance to zero at large distances.

 

This introduces angular velocity of the black hole, as well as differential frame dragging by a non-zero gradient (whereby it is not guage effect). Rotating objects have a general tendency to radiate away their energy and angular momentum in an effort to reach a lower energy state. In the dynamics of rotating fluids, this is described by the well known Rayleigh stability criterion. In many ways, black hole radiation processes are governed by the same principle. Generally, black holes in isolation are stable by exponential suppression of spontaneous emissions by canonical angular momentum barriers. Fortunately magnetic fields can modulate and suppress these angular momentum barriers.

 

 

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